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teen_dating_violence

Cyberbullying Fact Sheet: Electronic Dating Violence

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin Electronic dating violence is “emotional or psychological harm in a romantic relationship perpetrated through the use of computers, cell phones, or other electronic devices.” Research has also shown that teenagers are at a higher risk than adults when it comes to abuse by intimates. Since the vast, vast…

cyberbullying_sexual_orientation

Cyberbullying Fact Sheet: Cyberbullying and Sexual Orientation

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin Bullying based on sexual orientation or gender identity/expression has made headlines across the United States, and has been identified as a priority area for focus and attention by our federal government. This fact sheet examines data that specifically clarifies how bullying and cyberbullying are tied to sexual orientation,…

Cyberbullying: Identification, Prevention, and Response Cyberbullying Research Center

Cyberbullying: Identification, Prevention, and Response

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin One of greatest and fastest growing threats to our youth today is cyberbullying. With the explosion of technology and social networking sites on the Internet, bullying has moved from physical confrontation in the schoolyard to a more psychologically damaging experience. Cyberbullying is having a profound impact on students…

Overview of Cyberbullying White Paper for the White House Conference on Bullying Prevention Cyberbullying Research Center

Overview of Cyberbullying White Paper for the White House Conference on Bullying Prevention

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin Kids have been bullying each other for generations. The latest generation, however, has been able to utilize technology to expand their reach and the extent of their harm. This phenomenon is being called cyberbullying, defined as: “willful and repeated harm inflicted through the use of computers, cell phones,…

Cyberbullying: A Review of the Legal Issues Facing Educators

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin School districts are often given the challenging task of addressing problematic online behaviors committed by students while simultaneously protecting themselves from civil liability by not overstepping their authority.  This is difficult because the law concerning these behaviors is ambiguous and continuously evolving, and little consensus has yet been…

Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja This article examines the relationship between middle school students’ experience with cyberbullying and their level of self-esteem. Previous research on traditional bullying among adolescents has found a relatively consistent link between victimization and lower self-esteem, while finding an inconsistent relationship between offending and lower self-esteem. It is therefore…

Changes in Adolescent Online Social Networking Behaviors from 2006 to 2009 Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Changes in Adolescent Online Social Networking Behaviors from 2006 to 2009

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja As online social networking has become an immersive and pervasive phenomenon, traditional considerations and expectations of personal privacy have been drastically altered. This paradigmatic change has led to adolescents possibly making themselves vulnerable to embarrassment, censure, damage to one’s name or reputation, or even victimization by others because…

Bullying, Cyberbullying, and Suicide

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin Empirical studies and some high-profile anecdotal cases have demonstrated a link between suicidal ideation and experiences with bullying victimization or offending. The current study examines the extent to which a nontraditional form of peer aggression – cyberbullying – is also related to suicidal ideation among adolescents. Among a…

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Changes in Adolescent Online Social Networking Behaviors from 2006 to 2009 Cyberbullying Research Center

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Changes in Adolescent Online Social Networking Behaviors from 2006 to 2009

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja This Research Summary summarizes how youth are modifying their use of social networking sites as it relates to online privacy and the disclosure of personal information. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J. (2010). Cyberbullying research summary: Changes in Adolescent Online Social Networking Behaviors from 2006 to 2009. Cyberbullying Research…

cyberbullying_and_suicide

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Cyberbullying and Suicide

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin This Research Summary explores the relationship between cyberbullying and suicidal ideation. Results suggest that victims of cyberbullying and those who cyberbully are at an elevated risk for suicidal thoughts and attempts. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J. (2010). Cyberbullying research summary: Cyberbullying and suicide. Cyberbullying Research Center. Retrieved [insert…

cyberbullying_and_strain

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Cyberbullying and Strain

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin General Strain Theory argues that individuals who experience strain, and as a result of that strain feel angry or frustrated, are more at risk to engage in criminal or deviant behavior. Results indicated that youth who experienced strain or anger and frustration were more likely to bully others…

cyberbullying_and_self_esteem

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin This Research Summary explores the relationship between cyberbullying and self-esteem among teens. Results suggest that students who experienced cyberbullying, both as a victim and an offender, had significantly lower self-esteem than those who had little or no experience with cyberbullying. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J. (2010). Cyberbullying research…

Traditional and Nontraditional Bullying among Youth: A Test of General Strain Theory Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Traditional and Nontraditional Bullying among Youth: A Test of General Strain Theory

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja Bullying at school is a common problem facing youth, school officials, and parents. A significant body of research has detailed the serious consequences associated with bullying victimization. Recently, however, a new permutation of bullying has arisen and arguably become even more problematic. Cyberbullying, as it has been termed, occurs when youth…

Trends in Online Social Networking: Adolescent Use of MySpace over Time Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Trends in Online Social Networking: Adolescent Use of MySpace over Time

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja MySpace has received a significant amount of negative attention from the media and many concerned adults, who point to several isolated incidents where predators have contacted, become involved with and even assaulted adolescents whom they met through the popular social networking web site. Furthermore, concerned parents have expressed…

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Trends in Adolescent Social Networking Cyberbullying Research Center

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Trends in Adolescent Social Networking

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja This Research Summary summarizes the changes that are occurring related to youth use of MySpace across multiple years. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J. (2010). Cyberbullying research summary: Trends in Online Social Networking. Cyberbullying Research Center. Retrieved [insert date], from https://cyberbullying.org/myspace_youth_research_over_time.pdf Download PDF

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Personal Information of Adolescents on the Internet Cyberbullying Research Center

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Personal Information of Adolescents on the Internet

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin This Research Summary summarizes our MySpace research concerning the extent to which adolescents post personal information on their profile pages. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J. (2009). Cyberbullying research summary: Personal information of adolescents on the Internet. Cyberbullying Research Center. Retrieved [insert date], from https://cyberbullying.org/myspace_youth_research.pdf Download PDF

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Victimization of Adolescent Girls Cyberbullying Research Center

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Victimization of Adolescent Girls

By Amanda Burgess-Proctor, Sameer Hinduja, and Justin W. Patchin This Research Summary highlights the specific cyberbullying experiences of teenaged girls through the content analysis of detailed responses received from victims. Burgess-Proctor, A., Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J. W. (2009). Cyberbullying research summary: Victimization of Adolescent Girls. Cyberbullying Research Center. Retrieved [insert date], from https://cyberbullying.org/cyberbullying_girls_victimization.pdf Download…

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Emotional and Psychological Consequences Cyberbullying Research Center

Cyberbullying Research Summary: Emotional and Psychological Consequences

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin This Research Summary specifies how adolescents are negatively affected by cyberbullying by highlighting how online aggression leads to adolescent strain and stress, which then can create developmental and functional concerns. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J. (2009). Cyberbullying research summary: Emotional and Psychological Consequences. Cyberbullying Research Center. Retrieved [insert…

Cyberbullying and Online Harassment: Reconceptualizing the Victimization of Adolescent Girls Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Cyberbullying and Online Harassment: Reconceptualizing the Victimization of Adolescent Girls

By Amanda Burgess-Proctor, Justin W. Patchin, and Sameer Hinduja Growing public awareness of electronic bullying and harassment among adolescents suggests the need to empirically investigate this increasingly common and problematic behavior. Although studies of cyberbullying and online harassment among young people are nascent, preliminary findings suggest that victimization can undermine the freedom of youth to…

Offline Consequences of Online Victimization: School Violence and Delinquency Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Offline Consequences of Online Victimization: School Violence and Delinquency

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin As increasing numbers of youth embrace computer-mediated communication to meet academic and social needs, interpersonal violence directly and indirectly related to the Internet is occurring more often. Cyberbullying in particular has shot to the forefront of agendas in schools and communities due to the emotional, psychological, and even…

Bullying Beyond the Schoolyard: Preventing and Responding to Cyberbullying Cyberbullying Research Center

Bullying Beyond the Schoolyard: Preventing and Responding to Cyberbullying

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin Focusing on how technology can facilitate or magnify traditional forms of peer harassment, “Bullying beyond the Schoolyard” paints a vivid picture of online aggression among adolescents by recounting the stories of victims, summarizing current research, and reviewing recent legal rulings. This groundbreaking book also provides proactive prevention and…

Personal Information of Adolescents on the Internet: A Quantitative Content Analysis of MySpace Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Personal Information of Adolescents on the Internet: A Quantitative Content Analysis of MySpace

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin Many youth have recently embraced online social networking sites such as MySpace (myspace.com) to meet their social and relational needs. While manifold benefits stem from participating in such web-based environments, the popular media has been quick to demonize MySpace even though an exponentially small proportion of its users…

Cyberbullying: An Exploratory Analysis of Factors Related to Offending and Victimization

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin Victimization on the Internet through what has been termed cyberbullying has attracted increased attention from scholars and practitioners. Defined as “willful and repeated harm inflicted through the medium of electronic text” (Patchin & Hinduja, 2006), this negative experience not only undermines a youth’s freedom to use and explore…