Digital Self-Harm - Journal of Adolescent Health

Digital Self-Harm Among Adolescents

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja Purpose: Despite increased media and scholarly attention to digital forms of aggression directed toward adolescents by their peers (e.g., cyberbullying), very little research has explored digital aggression directed toward oneself. “Digital self-harm” is the anonymous online posting, sending, or otherwise sharing of hurtful content about oneself. The current…

Deterring Teen Bullying: Assessing the Impact of Perceived Punishment From Police, Schools, and Parents

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja While decades of criminological research have returned mixed results when it comes to deterrence theory, deterrence-informed policies continue to proliferate unabated. Specific to bullying among adolescents, many U.S. states have recently passed new laws – or updated old ones – increasing potential punishment for youth who abuse others.…

Measuring cyberbullying: Implications for research Cyberbullying Research Center

Measuring Cyberbullying: Implications for Research

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja Despite a significant amount of attention by both the academic community and society at large, there continues to exist much confusion about both the conceptual and operational definitions of cyberbullying (and by implication, bullying in general). The trouble with this lack of clarity is that it leads to…

Changes in Adolescent Online Social Networking Behaviors from 2006 to 2009 Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Cyberbullying Myths and Realities

By Russell A. Sabella, Justin W. Patchin, and Sameer Hinduja Bullying has long been a concern of youth advocates (e.g., educators, counselors, researchers, policy makers). Recently, cyberbullying (bullying perpetrated through online technology) has dominated the headlines as a major current-day adolescent challenge. This article reviews available empirical research to examine the accuracy of commonly-perpetuated claims…

School-Based Efforts to Prevent Cyberbullying Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

School-Based Efforts to Prevent Cyberbullying

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja While bullying historically has occurred within or in close proximity to the school, advances in communication technologies have allowed would-be bullies to extend their reach. Cyberbullying – as it is termed – has become a significant concern among adolescents and adults alike. As a result, parents, school professionals,…

Cyberbullying: Neither an Epidemic Nor a Rarity

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin Growing public awareness of electronic bullying and harassment among adolescents suggests the need to empirically investigate this increasingly common and problematic behavior. Although studies of cyberbullying and online harassment among young people are nascent, preliminary findings suggest that victimization can undermine the freedom of youth to use and…

Cyberbullying: A Review of the Legal Issues Facing Educators

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin School districts are often given the challenging task of addressing problematic online behaviors committed by students while simultaneously protecting themselves from civil liability by not overstepping their authority.  This is difficult because the law concerning these behaviors is ambiguous and continuously evolving, and little consensus has yet been…

Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja This article examines the relationship between middle school students’ experience with cyberbullying and their level of self-esteem. Previous research on traditional bullying among adolescents has found a relatively consistent link between victimization and lower self-esteem, while finding an inconsistent relationship between offending and lower self-esteem. It is therefore…

Changes in Adolescent Online Social Networking Behaviors from 2006 to 2009 Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Changes in Adolescent Online Social Networking Behaviors from 2006 to 2009

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja As online social networking has become an immersive and pervasive phenomenon, traditional considerations and expectations of personal privacy have been drastically altered. This paradigmatic change has led to adolescents possibly making themselves vulnerable to embarrassment, censure, damage to one’s name or reputation, or even victimization by others because…