Measuring cyberbullying: Implications for research Cyberbullying Research Center

Measuring cyberbullying: Implications for research

Despite a significant amount of attention by both the academic community and society at large, there continues to exist much confusion about both the conceptual and operational definitions of cyberbullying (and by implication, bullying in general). The trouble with this lack of clarity is that it leads to misinformation and misunderstanding about the phenomena at…

Changes in Adolescent Online Social Networking Behaviors from 2006 to 2009 Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Cyberbullying Myths and Realities

Bullying has long been a concern of youth advocates (e.g., educators, counselors, researchers, policy makers). Recently, cyberbullying (bullying perpetrated through online technology) has dominated the headlines as a major current-day adolescent challenge. This article reviews available empirical research to examine the accuracy of commonly-perpetuated claims about cyberbullying. The analysis revealed several myths about the nature…

Cyberbullying Among Adolescents: Implications for Empirical Research Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Cyberbullying Among Adolescents: Implications for Empirical Research

Research into the causes and consequences of cyberbullying among adolescents has exploded in the past 5 years [1]. However, much of the literature is largely descriptive in nature and/or suffers from methodological limitations associated with accessing and studying young people who are engaged in constantly changing high-tech behaviors. These challenges notwithstanding, a clearer picture is…

School-Based Efforts to Prevent Cyberbullying Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

School-Based Efforts to Prevent Cyberbullying

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja While bullying historically has occurred within or in close proximity to the school, advances in communication technologies have allowed would-be bullies to extend their reach. Cyberbullying – as it is termed – has become a significant concern among adolescents and adults alike. As a result, parents, school professionals,…

Cyberbullying: Neither an Epidemic Nor a Rarity Cyberbullying Research Center

Cyberbullying: Neither an Epidemic Nor a Rarity

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin Growing public awareness of electronic bullying and harassment among adolescents suggests the need to empirically investigate this increasingly common and problematic behavior. Although studies of cyberbullying and online harassment among young people are nascent, preliminary findings suggest that victimization can undermine the freedom of youth to use and…

Cyberbullying: A Review of the Legal Issues Facing Educators Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Cyberbullying: A Review of the Legal Issues Facing Educators

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin School districts are often given the challenging task of addressing problematic online behaviors committed by students while simultaneously protecting themselves from civil liability by not overstepping their authority.  This is difficult because the law concerning these behaviors is ambiguous and continuously evolving, and little consensus has yet been…

Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja This article examines the relationship between middle school students’ experience with cyberbullying and their level of self-esteem. Previous research on traditional bullying among adolescents has found a relatively consistent link between victimization and lower self-esteem, while finding an inconsistent relationship between offending and lower self-esteem. It is therefore…

Changes in Adolescent Online Social Networking Behaviors from 2006 to 2009 Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Changes in Adolescent Online Social Networking Behaviors from 2006 to 2009

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja As online social networking has become an immersive and pervasive phenomenon, traditional considerations and expectations of personal privacy have been drastically altered. This paradigmatic change has led to adolescents possibly making themselves vulnerable to embarrassment, censure, damage to one’s name or reputation, or even victimization by others because…

Bullying, Cyberbullying, and Suicide Cyberbullying Research Center

Bullying, Cyberbullying, and Suicide

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin Empirical studies and some high-profile anecdotal cases have demonstrated a link between suicidal ideation and experiences with bullying victimization or offending. The current study examines the extent to which a nontraditional form of peer aggression – cyberbullying – is also related to suicidal ideation among adolescents. Among a…

Traditional and Nontraditional Bullying among Youth: A Test of General Strain Theory Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Traditional and Nontraditional Bullying among Youth: A Test of General Strain Theory

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja Bullying at school is a common problem facing youth, school officials, and parents. A significant body of research has detailed the serious consequences associated with bullying victimization. Recently, however, a new permutation of bullying has arisen and arguably become even more problematic. Cyberbullying, as it has been termed, occurs when youth…