Bullying Laws in Colorado Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Colorado passed a sexting law in 2017 (CO Rev Stat ยง 18-7-109 [2017]). (Bill: https://leg.colorado.gov/sites/default/files/documents/2017A/bills/sl/2017a_sl_390.pdf)

(1) A juvenile commits the offense of posting a private image by a juvenile if he or she, through digital or electronic means:

(a) Knowingly distributes, displays, or publishes to the view of another person a sexually explicit image of a person other than himself or herself who is at least fourteen years of age or is less than four years younger than the juvenile:

(I) Without the depicted person’s permission; or

(II) When the recipient did not solicit or request to be supplied with the image and suffered emotional distress; or

(III) When the juvenile knew or should have known that the depicted person had a reasonable expectation that the image would remain private; or

(b) Knowingly distributes, displays, or publishes, to the view of another person who is at least fourteen years of age or is less than four years younger than the juvenile, a sexually explicit image of himself or herself when the recipient did not solicit or request to be supplied with the image and suffered emotional distress.

(2) A juvenile commits the offense of possessing a private image by a juvenile if he or she, through digital or electronic means, knowingly possesses a sexually explicit image of another person who is at least fourteen years of age or is less than four years younger than the juvenile without the depicted person’s permission; except that it is not a violation of this subsection (2) if the juvenile:

(a) Took reasonable steps to either destroy or delete the image within seventy-two hours after initially viewing the image; or

(b) Reported the initial viewing of such image to law enforcement or a school resource officer within seventy-two hours after initially viewing the image.

(3) A juvenile commits the civil infraction of exchange of a private image by a juvenile if he or she, through digital or electronic means:

(a) Knowingly sends a sexually explicit image or images of himself or herself to another person who is at least fourteen years of age or is less than four years younger than the juvenile, and the image or images depict only the sender and no other person and the sender reasonably believed that the recipient had solicited or otherwise agreed to the transmittal of the image or images; or

(b) Knowingly possesses a sexually explicit image or images of another person who is at least fourteen years of age or is less than four years younger than the juvenile, and the image or images depict only the sender and no other person and the juvenile reasonably believed that the depicted person had transmitted the image or images or otherwise agreed to the transmittal of the image or images.

(4) It is an affirmative defense to subsection (1), (2), or (3) of this section if a juvenile is coerced, threatened, or intimidated into distributing, displaying, publishing, possessing, or exchanging a sexually explicit image of a person under eighteen years of age.

(5) (a) Posting a private image by a juvenile is a class 2 misdemeanor; except that it is a class 1 misdemeanor if:

(I) The juvenile committed the offense with the intent to coerce, intimidate, threaten, or otherwise cause emotional distress to the depicted person; or

(II) The juvenile had previously posted a private image and completed a diversion program or education program for the act pursuant to the provisions of this section or had a prior adjudication for posting a private image by a juvenile; or

(III) The juvenile distributed, displayed, or published three or more images that depicted three or more separate and distinct persons.

(b) Possessing a private image by a juvenile is a petty offense; except that it is a class 2 misdemeanor if the unsolicited possessor of the image possessed ten or more separate images that depicted three or more separate and distinct persons.

(c) Exchange of a private image by a juvenile is a civil infraction and is punishable by participation in a program designed by the school safety resource center or other appropriate program addressing the risks and consequences of exchanging a sexually explicit image of a juvenile or a fine of up to fifty dollars, which may be waived by the court upon a showing of indigency. If the juvenile fails to appear in response to a civil infraction citation or fails to complete the required class or pay the imposed fee, the court may issue an order to show cause requiring the juvenile’s appearance in court and impose additional age-appropriate penalties. The court shall not issue a warrant for the arrest of the juvenile or impose incarceration as a penalty.

(d) In addition to any other sentence the court may impose for a violation of subsection (1) of this section, the court shall order the juvenile be assessed for suitability to participate in restorative justice practices, if available, and, upon a determination of suitability, the court shall inform the victim about the possibility of restorative justice practices as defined in section 18-1-901 (3)(o.5). The court shall not consider the victim’s unwillingness to participate in restorative justice practices when determining other sentencing options.

(e) Each district attorney is encouraged to develop a diversion program for juveniles who violate the provisions of this section and offer the program to a juvenile who is alleged to have violated this section for the first time. If the jurisdiction does not have a diversion program, the district attorney is encouraged to provide alternative programming designed to allow the juvenile to avoid any adjudication.

(6) The court shall order all records in a juvenile delinquency case in the custody of the court, and any records related to the case and charges in the custody of any other agency, person, company, or organization, that are related to an offense pursuant to this section expunged within forty-two days after the completion of the sentence or other alternative program.

(7) A person who is a victim of a violation of subsection (1), (2), or (3) of this section is eligible for compensation and services pursuant to part 1 of article 4.1 of title 24.

(8) As used in this section:

(a) “Juvenile” means a person under eighteen years of age.

(b) “Sexually explicit image” means any electronic or digital photograph, video, or video depiction of the external genitalia or perineum or anus or buttocks or pubes of any person or the breast of a female person.

See also:

18-6-403. Sexual exploitation of a child. http://www.lpdirect.net/casb/crs/18-6-403.html

A bill that would have made sexting among teens a misdemeanor failed to pass in the House in April, 2016.

Revenge porn law: http://www.leg.state.co.us/clics/clics2014a/csl.nsf/fsbillcont3/B8622059E18D26C687257C9A005794F0?open&file=1378_enr.pdf

Posting a private image for harassment is a Class 1 misdemeanor.