Arizona

Arizona (AZ) Model Bullying Policy

Below is the model bullying policy made available by the Arizona State Department of Education for school districts within Arizona to use when crafting their own bullying and cyberbullying policies. Each state’s policies vary when it comes to how they: define bullying, harassment, threats, intimidation, and violence; expect reporting and investigating to be carried out,…

Alaska

Alaska (AK) Model Bullying Policy

Below is the model bullying policy made available by the Alaska State Department of Education for school districts within Alaska to use when crafting their own bullying and cyberbullying policies. Each state’s policies vary when it comes to how they: define bullying, harassment, threats, intimidation, and violence; expect reporting and investigating to be carried out,…

Alabama

Alabama (AL) Model Bullying Policy

Below is the model bullying policy made available by the Alabama State Department of Education for school districts within Alabama to use when crafting their own bullying and cyberbullying policies. Each state’s policies vary when it comes to how they: define bullying, harassment, threats, intimidation, and violence; expect reporting and investigating to be carried out,…

bullying definition

What is Bullying?

Most generally, the term bullying is equated to the concept of harassment, which is a form of unprovoked aggression often directed repeatedly toward another individual or group of individuals.[1] However, bullying tends to become more insidious as it continues over time and may be better equated to violence rather than harassment. Accordingly, Erling Roland states…

cyberstalking

Cyberstalking

I was chatting with some of my students yesterday about cyberstalking, and just as I suspected, at least a few had experienced it and were able to share compelling stories about what happened. It reminded me of two times I personally dealt with it as well, one by a fellow student in undergrad that lasted…

Sexting Laws in Washington

New laws that address sexting behaviors took effect April of 2019 (https://app.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9.68A): 9.68A.011            Definitions 9.68A.053            Sexually explicit images—Crimes by minors—Penalties. 9.68A.055            Sexually explicit images—Forfeiture by minors. 9.68A.060            Sending, bringing into state depictions of minor engaged in sexually explicit conduct. 9.68A.070            Possession of depictions of minor engaged in sexually explicit conduct. 9.68A.075            Viewing depictions of a…

Sexting Laws in West Virginia

Passed April 13, 2013 (effective 90 days later) (H.B. 2357) – “Any minor who intentionally possesses, creates, produces, distributes, presents, transmits, posts, exchanges, or otherwise disseminates a visual portrayal of another minor posing in an inappropriate sexual manner or who distributes, presents, transmits, posts, exchanges, or otherwise disseminates a visual portrayal of himself or herself…

Cyberbullying Research in Malaysia

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Malaysia, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Authors: Rajamanickam, R., Ramli, F. S., Na’aim, M. S. M., Hassan, M. S., & Hashim, H. Year: 2019 Title:…

Cyberbullying Research in Spain

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Spain, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Authors: Gudmundsdottir, G. B., Gassó, H. H., Rubio, J. C. C., & Hatlevik, O. E. Year: 2020 Title: Student…

Cyberbullying Research in the United States

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in the United States of America, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.     Authors: Baiden, P., Tadeo, S. K. Year: 2019 Title: Examining the association between…

Cyberbullying Research in Turkey

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Turkey, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Authors: Küçüksüleymanoglu, R. Year: 2019 Title: Cyberbullying among Secondary School Teachers by Parents Journal: International Journal of Evaluation and…

Cyberbullying Research in Italy

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Italy, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Authors: Marengo, D., Settanni, M., Longobardi, C. Year: 2019 Title: The associations between sex drive, sexual self-concept, sexual orientation,…

Cyberbullying Research in Brazil

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Brazil, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.   Author(s): Cross, D., Li, Q., & Smith, P. K. Year: 2012 Title: Understanding and preventing cyberbullying: where have…

Bullying Laws Across America

Please click on any state to learn exactly what their bullying laws include. Criminal Sanction? All states have various criminal laws that might apply to bullying behaviors, depending on the nature of the act. For example, if someone is physically hurting another, assault statutes might apply. All states also have criminal harassment and/or stalking statutes,…

Cyberbullying Research in Australia

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Australia, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.   Author(s): Pieschl, S., Kourteva, P., & Stauf, L. Year: 2017 Title: Challenges in the evaluation of cyberbullying prevention–insights…

Cyberbullying Research in Canada

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Canada, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Author(s): Harper, M. G. Year: 2017 Title: Tolerable Deviance and How it Applies to Cyberbullying Journal: Deviant Behavior URL:…

Cyberbullying Research in China

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in China and Hong Kong, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.  Author(s): Wong, R. Y., Cheung, C. M., & Xiao, B. Year: 2018 Title: Does gender matter…

Cyberbullying Research in England

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Great Britain, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Authors: Macaulay, P. JR., Boulton, M. J, Betts, L. R. Year: 2019 Title: Comparing early adolescents’ positive bystander…

Cyberbullying Research in Estonia

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Estonia, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Authors: Berne, S., Frisén A., Schultze-Krumbholz, A., Scheithauer, H., Naruskov, K., Luik, P., Katzer, C., Erentaite, R., Zukauskiene, R.…

Cyberbullying Research in Germany

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Germany, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Authors: Görzig, A., Bedrosova, M., Machackova, H. Year: 2019 Title: Do stereotypes of mental and developmental disorders predict bystander…

Bullying Laws in Wyoming

H.B.0223 Safe School Climate Act; Orders the Safe School Climate Act that all School Districts must have a policy in re­gard to the bullying (including electronically) and the punishments are the discretion of the Schools; http://legisweb.state.wy.us/2009/Introduced/HB0223.pdf TITLE 21 – EDUCATION CHAPTER 4 – PUPILS ARTICLE 3 – RIGHT TO ATTEND SCHOOL SECTION 21-4-312. – Definitions.…

Bullying Laws in California

AB1542, “Jordan’s Law” (October 11, 2017). Makes recording a felony an aggravating factor. “the court may consider, as a factor in aggravation, that the defendant willfully recorded a video of the commission of the violent felony with the intent to encourage or facilitate the offense.” https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billNavClient.xhtml?bill_id=201720180AB1542 AB 256, Chapter 700 (October 10, 2013). Clarifies role…