Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Belarus, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.



Authors: Dutton, William H., and Zorina, Aljona

Year: 2021

Title: The ecology of games reshaping information policy: internet access in Belarus to cyber harms in the United Kingdom

Journal: Political Science and Public Policy 2021


Abstract: The dual nature of information has been an enduring theme of normative debate over information policy. As new information and communication technologies have opened up so many possibilities, normative questions over whether information should be set free or controlled have become more prominent policy issues. Unfortunately, it is seldom the case that information policy is determined by such fundamental principles. When viewed empirically, information defies any inherent, deterministic bias. It can be freely shared, tightly controlled, or its control can be finessed in myriad ways in particular circumstances by specific individuals and institutions. It is more useful to understand information policy as the outcome of the interaction of multiple actors, with different aims and objectives, cooperating and competing under an evolving set of rules-an ‘ecology of games’ (EoG).



Authors: Matulewska, A., Kic-Drgas, J., and Trzaskawkam P.

Year: 2020

Title: Cyberbullying in Polish Debate on the Białowieża National Forest

Journal: International Journal for the Semiotics of Law – Revue internationale de Sémiotique juridique


Abstract: Social media platforms have conquered almost all fields of human life; their impact as opinion creating tools is undisputable. They not only offer a place for people to exchange experiences, but are also a virtual space where people fight with words in defence of their beliefs. This second function has made social media a rich source for linguistic analysis, providing material for the most current social, political, and economic issues. The main aim of this paper is to contribute to reducing the identified gap in the literature on hate speech and consequential cyberbullying from the linguistic perspective and provide conclusions on elements of hate speech through the analysis of statements relating to the cut-out of the Białowieża National Forest. The examples were excerpted from the Polish social media websites of activists representing two opponent groups. This paper consists of three parts. The first part provides an overview of the literature related to hate speech, cyberbullying, their definitions, roles, and the possibilities of analysis. In this part, the background of the discussed polemic is also highlighted (the geographic location of the Białowieża National Forest, arguments used by both sides of the conflict etc.). The second part of the paper presents and discusses the results of the conducted research. After having examined some of the social media platforms used by the groups representing different attitudes to the described conflict (including Facebook, Twitter etc.), we have identified linguistic patterns within aggressive and vulgar statements expressed both directly and indirectly. Therefore, our analysis concentrates on categorisation of characteristic elements of hate statements. In the third part of the paper, we present conclusions referring to the results of the analysis.