Below is the model bullying policy made available by the Alaska State Department of Education for school districts within Alaska to use when crafting their own bullying and cyberbullying policies. Each state’s policies vary when it comes to how they: define bullying, harassment, threats, intimidation, and violence; expect reporting and investigating to be carried out, specify response strategies, define penalties, and prescribe certain types of prevention programs and practices.
We recommend that you review and consider updating your own bullying policy on an annual basis with input from educators, administrators, counselors, mental health professionals, parents, and students themselves. That will optimize the likelihood that the policy you implement achieves its goals.
Last Updated: (found from cache August 2019)
URL of Source: https://education.alaska.gov/tls/safeschools/pdf/bullying_sample_policy_aasb.pdf
HARASSMENT, INTIMIDATION AND BULLYING BP 5131.43(a)
Note: Districts must have a policy prohibiting the harassment, intimidation, or bullying of any student. AS 14.33.200-.250.
The School Board is dedicated to providing a safe and civil learning environment. Harassment, intimidation and bullying disrupt a student’s ability to learn and a school’s ability to educate. Students and staff are expected to demonstrate positive character traits and values. Conduct and speech must be civil and respectful in order to promote harmonious and courteous relations in the school environment.
(cf. 5137 – Positive School Climate)
Note: Disability-based harassment or bullying may deny a student equal educational opportunities under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). Harassment or bullying of a student with a disability, on any basis, may also adversely impact the school’s provision of FAPE to the student, under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and under Section 504. (See Dear Colleague Letter, Office for Civil Rights, October 21, 2014). A school’s inappropriate response to bullying or harassment of a student, based on a disability, may constitute a disability-based harassment violation, by the school, under Section 504 and the ADA. Schools should address all harassment and bullying of students with disabilities by taking prompt and effective steps reasonably calculated to end the bullying or harassment, eliminate the hostile environment, prevent it from recurring, investigate if the student’s receipt of appropriate services may have been affected by the bullying (if student receives IDEA or Section 504 services) and, as appropriate, remedy its effects.
Students, staff and volunteers are prohibited from engaging in any form of harassment, intimidation, or bullying while on school property, on school buses, at the bus stop, or at school-sponsored activities or functions. Students who engage in such acts are subject to appropriate disciplinary action, up to and including suspension or expulsion. Staff who engage in acts of harassment, intimidation or bullying are also subject to appropriate disciplinary action up to and including suspension and termination. Volunteers who engage in such acts will be denied the opportunity to volunteer in the future.
To promote an environment free of harassment, intimidation, or bullying, the principal or designee shall take appropriate actions such as removing vulgar or offending graffiti, establishing site rules, and providing staff inservice and student instruction and counseling. Teachers shall discuss this policy with their students in age appropriate ways and assure students that they need not endure any form of harassment, intimidation, or bullying.
The district will provide parent and community information, and age-appropriate student instruction, on how to identify, respond to, and prevent harassment, intimidation, and bullying.
(cf. 5131.5 – Vandalism, Theft and Graffiti) (c.f. 5144 – Discipline) (c.f. 5144.1 – Suspension and Expulsion)
Harassment, Intimidation and Bullying Defined
Harassment, intimidation, or bullying means an intentional act, whether written, oral, electronic or
physical, when the act is undertaken with the intent of threatening, intimidating, harassing, or
frightening the student, and
1. physically harms the student or damages the student’s property;
2. has the effect of substantially interfering with the student’s education;
3. is so severe, persistent, or pervasive that it creates an intimidating or threatening educational
4. has the effect of substantially disrupting the orderly operation of the school.
(c.f. 5145.3 – Nondiscrimination)
Note: Technological advances have expanded the ways in which harassment, intimidation, or bullying can occur,
including the ability to bully with anonymity and to reach a much broader audience. This language notifies students
and staff that cyberbullying is not permitted and will result in disciplinary action. It is a crime, (harassment in the
second degree) to repeatedly send or publish an electronic communication that insults, taunts, challenges, or
intimidates a person under 18 years of age in a manner that places the person in reasonable fear of physical injury,
if done with intent to harass or annoy another person. AS 11.61.120(a)
All forms of harassment, intimidation or bullying via electronic means, commonly referred to as
cyberbullying, are prohibited. Cyberbullying also includes, but is not limited to, other misuses of
technology to threaten, harass, intimidate, or bully, including sending or posting inappropriate
email messages, instant messages, text messages, digital pictures or images, or Web site postings,
including blogs. An individual who redistributes a cyberbullying communication can be found in
violation of this policy, even if the individual did not author or create the original communication
The district’s computer network, including access to the Internet via that network, whether
accessed on campus or off campus, during or after school hours, may not be used for the purpose
of harassment, intimidation, or bullying. Users are responsible for the appropriateness of the
material they transmit over the system.
In situations in which the cyberbullying originates from a private (non-school) computer or other
electronic device, but is brought to the attention of school officials, disciplinary measures may be
imposed when the communication:
1. Is of a criminal nature, including but not limited to, threats of violence or harm
against staff members, students, or their property;
2. Suggests or advocates physical harm to staff members or students;
3. Causes a student or staff member to experience a substantially detrimental effect
on his or her physical or mental health;
4. Causes a student or staff member to experience substantial interference with
academic or work performance, or with his or her ability to participate in or benefit
from district services or activities;
5. Threatens vandalism to school property; or
6. Creates a significant disruption to the school’s educational mission, purpose or
Disciplinary action may include, but is not limited to, the loss of computer privileges, detention,
suspension, or expulsion for those committing acts of cyberbullying. In addition, any kind of
threat or hate crime will be reported to law enforcement officials.
Students and staff who believe they have been the victims of cyberbullying, as described in this
policy, should not erase the offending material from the system. A copy of the material should be
printed and a report made under this policy.
(cf. 6161.4 – Internet)
(cf. 6161.5 – Web Sites / Pages)
Note: A school employee, student or volunteer who makes a good faith report of harassment, intimidation, or
bullying is entitled to statutory immunity from suit. The immunity extends to causes of action for damages arising
from a failure to remedy the reported incident or for making the report. AS 14.33.230.
Students or staff members who have witnessed or have reliable information that a student has
been subjected to harassment, intimidation or bullying should report the incident immediately to
the principal or his/her designee, who shall promptly initiate an investigation. The investigation
shall include an assessment of what actions should be taken, as appropriate, to protect the student
who has been found to be the victim of harassment, intimidation or bullying. Such actions may
include the provision of support services necessary to permit the student to feel safe and secure in
attending school. The Superintendent/Chief School Administrator shall develop procedures to
implement this policy.
In determining the appropriate response to students who commit one or more acts of harassment,
intimidation or bullying, the following factors should be considered:
1. the development and maturity levels of the parties involved;
2. the level of harm;
3. the surrounding circumstances;
4. past incidences or past continuing patterns of behavior;
5. the relationships between the parties involved;
6. the level of disruption in or interference with the orderly operation of the school.
This policy should not be interpreted to prohibit a reasoned and civil exchange of opinions or
debate that is protected by law and School Board policy.
(c.f. 5145.2 – Freedom of Speech/Expression)
Conduct that does not rise to the level of harassment, intimidation or bullying may still be
prohibited by other policies or rules.
(cf. 5131 – Conduct)
(cf. 5131.4 – Campus Disturbances)
(cf. 5131.41 – Violent and Aggressive Conduct)
(cf. 5131.42 – Threats of Violence)
(cf. 5131.5 – Vandalism, Theft & Graffiti)
(cf. 5137 – Positive School Climate)
14.33.200 Harassment, intimidation and bullying policy
14.33.210 Reporting of incidents of harassment, intimidation or bullying
14.33.220 Reporting, no reprisals
14.33.230 Immunity from suit
11.61.120 Harassment in the second degree
CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS
28 CFR Part 35, Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)
34 CFR Part 104, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504)
34 CFR Part 300, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
It shall be a violation for any student or staff member to harass, intimidate or bully another person
while at school, traveling to and from school, or attending school-sponsored events. Moreover, it
shall be a violation for any school staff member to knowingly ignore or tolerate harassment,
intimidation or bullying at school or at school sponsored events.
For the purpose of this policy, school staff includes school employees, School Board members,
agents, volunteers, contractors or other persons subject to the supervision and control of the school
Sanctions for Harassment, Intimidation or Bullying
Appropriate sanctions will be taken against students and/or employees who commit acts of
harassment, intimidation or bullying. For students, the sanctions must be appropriate to the
seriousness of the incident and may include detention, suspension, and/or expulsion in accordance
with state law, district policy, administrative regulation, and student handbooks. For school staff,
sanctions will be in accordance with state law, district policy, administrative regulation, collective
bargaining agreements, and applicable codes of ethics.
Note: A staff member or student who observes or receives a sexual image on a computer or personal electronic
device should not forward that image electronically. The image should be secured and the device turned over to an
administrator. Any sexual image of a minor requires reporting to OCS and/or law enforcement.
1. Any student or staff member who believes he or she has been the victim of harassment,
intimidation or bullying may report the alleged act to the school principal or designee. If
a student is more comfortable reporting to a person other than the principal, the student
may contact any school employee. The principal or designee will accept anonymous
reports but formal disciplinary action may not be taken without corroborating evidence.
2. Any school employee, or an employee of an entity under contract with the school district,
who receives a report, witnesses harassment, intimidation or bullying, or has reliable
information that a student has been subject to harassment, intimidation or bullying shall
act immediately to protect the alleged victim, if necessary, and shall immediately report
the incident to the student’s principal or designee for prompt investigation.
3. Upon receipt of a report of harassment, intimidation or bullying, the principal or designee
shall forward a timely written report of the incident and his or her response to the Safe and
Drug-Free Schools Coordinator or other individual identified by the Superintendent/Chief
School Administrator. That individual shall compile and maintain data of all incidents of
harassment, intimidation or bullying that result in suspension or expulsion. Such data
shall be reported to the Department of Education and Early Development on an annual
4. The principal or designee shall by telephone and in writing notify the parents or guardians
of the students involved of the alleged harassment, intimidation or bullying incident. The
notice shall advise individuals involved of their due process rights.
Investigation and Corrective Action
1. The principal or designee shall promptly and thoroughly investigate all alleged acts of
harassment, intimidation or bullying.
2. All involved in an alleged act of harassment, intimidation or bullying shall be advised
by the principal of his or her due process rights.
3. At the conclusion of the investigation, the principal shall take such disciplinary action
deemed necessary and appropriate to end the misconduct and prevent its recurrence. The
principal will act in accordance with the student conduct code, the teacher code of ethics,
and paraprofessional code of ethics to discipline the offending party(ies).
4. Incidents of harassment, intimidation or bullying that involve criminal activity shall be
reported to law enforcement.
Students and staff who knowingly or willfully make a false report of harassment, intimidation or
bullying, or provide false information in connection with an investigation, will be subject to
disciplinary action up to and including suspension/expulsion for students and termination for staff.
Retaliation or reprisal against any person who reports an incident of harassment, intimidation or
bullying, or cooperates in an investigation, is strictly prohibited. Any such retaliation or reprisals
will result in suspension or expulsion of offending students, and disciplinary action up to
termination for school employees.
AASB POLICY REFERENCE MANUAL