New Bullying Data—and Definition—from the National Crime Victimization Survey

The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) is a large-scale data collection effort led by the U.S. Census Bureau and the Bureau of Justice Statistics. A nationally-representative sample of approximately 90,000 households is selected, and a survey is administered face-to-face or via telephone twice a year for three years to 160,000 persons within those households who…

bullying definition

What is Bullying?

Most generally, the term bullying is equated to the concept of harassment, which is a form of unprovoked aggression often directed repeatedly toward another individual or group of individuals.[1] However, bullying tends to become more insidious as it continues over time and may be better equated to violence rather than harassment. Accordingly, Erling Roland states…

cyberstalking

Cyberstalking

I was chatting with some of my students yesterday about cyberstalking, and just as I suspected, at least a few had experienced it and were able to share compelling stories about what happened. It reminded me of two times I personally dealt with it as well, one by a fellow student in undergrad that lasted…

Cyberbullying Research in Spain

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Spain, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.   Author(s): Quintana-Orts, C. & Rey, L. Year: 2018 Title: Forgiveness and cyberbullying in adolescence: Does willingness to forgive…

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Cyberbullying Research in the United States

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in the United States of America, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Author(s): Chapin, J. Year: 2016 Title: Adolescents and Cyber Bullying: The Precaution Adoption Process Model…

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Cyberbullying Research in Turkey

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Turkey, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.   Author(s): Turan, S.G. & Dilmen, N.E. Year: 2016 Title: Justification of Cyber-Harassment in terms of Digital Media Literacy…

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Cyberbullying Research in Italy

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Italy, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Author(s): Longobardi, C., Prino, L. E., Fabris, M. A., & Settanni, M. Year: 2017 Title: School violence in two…

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Cyberbullying Research in Brazil

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Brazil, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Author(s): Alcantara, S. C., González-Carrasco, M., Montserrat, C., Viñas, F., Casas, F., & Abreu, D. P. Year: 2017 Title:…

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Bullying Laws Across America

Please click on any state to learn exactly what their bullying laws include. Criminal Sanction? All states have various criminal laws that might apply to bullying behaviors, depending on the nature of the act. For example, if someone is physically hurting another, assault statutes might apply. All states also have criminal harassment and/or stalking statutes,…

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Cyberbullying Research in Australia

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Australia, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.   Author(s): Pieschl, S., Kourteva, P., & Stauf, L. Year: 2017 Title: Challenges in the evaluation of cyberbullying prevention–insights…

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Cyberbullying Research in Canada

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Canada, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Author(s): Harper, M. G. Year: 2017 Title: Tolerable Deviance and How it Applies to Cyberbullying Journal: Deviant Behavior URL:…

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Cyberbullying Research in China

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in China and Hong Kong, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.  Author(s): Wong, R. Y., Cheung, C. M., & Xiao, B. Year: 2018 Title: Does gender matter…

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Cyberbullying Research in England

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Great Britain, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.   Author(s): Betts, L. R., Spenser, K. A., & Gardner, S. E Year: 2017 Title: Adolescents’ involvement in cyber bullying…

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Cyberbullying Research in Estonia

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Estonia, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Author(s): Naruskov, K., Luik, P., Nocentini, A., & Menesini, E. Year: 2012 Title: Estonian students’ perception and definition of…

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Cyberbullying Research in Germany

Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Germany, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. Author(s): Machackova, H., & Pfetsch, J. Year: 2016 Title: Bystanders’ responses to offline bullying and cyberbullying: The role of…

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Bullying Laws in Wyoming

H.B.0223 Safe School Climate Act; Orders the Safe School Climate Act that all School Districts must have a policy in re­gard to the bullying (including electronically) and the punishments are the discretion of the Schools; http://legisweb.state.wy.us/2009/Introduced/HB0223.pdf TITLE 21 – EDUCATION CHAPTER 4 – PUPILS ARTICLE 3 – RIGHT TO ATTEND SCHOOL SECTION 21-4-312. – Definitions.…

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Bullying Laws in California

AB1542, “Jordan’s Law” (October 11, 2017). Makes recording a felony an aggravating factor. “the court may consider, as a factor in aggravation, that the defendant willfully recorded a video of the commission of the violent felony with the intent to encourage or facilitate the offense.” https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billNavClient.xhtml?bill_id=201720180AB1542 AB 256, Chapter 700 (October 10, 2013). Clarifies role…

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Bullying Laws in Georgia

Proposed: “The End to Cyberbullying Act” – includes off campus and cyberbullying http://www.legis.ga.gov/Legislation/20112012/110632.pdf SB 250 (2010): http://www.legis.ga.gov/Legislation/20092010/107812.pdf: Students found bullying third time in school year are sent to alternative school, requires that policies against bullying be posted in all middle and high schools, re­quires that bullying policies be included in student and parent handbooks. O.C.G.A.…

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Bullying Laws in Illinois

H.B. 4207 (signed by governor, Aug 1, 2014; took effect Jan 1, 2015) (Public Act 098-0801 ). “No student shall be subjected to bullying: … (4) through the transmission of information from a computer that is accessed at a nonschool-related location, activity, function, or program or from the use of technology or an electronic device…

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Bullying Laws in Indiana

HB 1423, signed by governor on May 11, 2013 (Public Law 285) “‘bullying’ means overt, unwanted, repeated acts or gestures, including verbal or written communications or images transmitted  in any  manner (including digitally or electronically), physical acts committed, aggression, or any other behaviors, that are committed  by a student or group of students against another…

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Bullying Laws in Missouri

HB1583 updates existing definitions of bullying to include aggressive behaviors and requires districts to have an anti-bullying policy in place: http://www.house.mo.gov/billtracking/bills161/billpdf/truly/HB1583T.PDF Missouri Revised Statutes, Chapter 160 (160.775) – http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/stathtml/16000007751.HTML – “‘Bullying’ means intimidation or harassment that causes a reasonable student to fear for his or her physical safety or property. Bullying may consist of physical…

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Bullying Laws in South Dakota

Bullying law signed by the Governor on March 22, 2012.  “Bullying consists of repeated physical, verbal, non-verbal, written, electronic, or any conduct directed toward a student that is so pervasive, severe, and objectively offensive …” “Neither the physical location nor the time of day of any incident involving the use of computers or other electronic…

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Bullying Laws in Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-1014 (2012) (http://law.justia.com/codes/tennessee/2010/title-49/chapter-6/part-10/49-6-1014/) 49-6-1014. Legislative findings — Safety and civility. The general assembly finds and declares that: (1) A safe and civil environment is necessary for students to learn and achieve high academic standards; (2) Harassment, intimidation, bullying or cyber-bullying, like other disruptive or violent behavior, is conduct that disrupts a…

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