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Please click on any state to learn exactly what their bullying laws cover.

Criminal Sanction?

All states have various criminal laws that might apply to bullying behaviors, depending on the nature of the act. For example, if someone is physically hurting another, assault statutes might apply. Some states have also passed criminal laws to address electronic forms of harassment. We have noted the state that have such laws.

School Sanction?

In certain states, the bullying law specifies provisions allowing the school to discipline students in appropriate and measured ways.

School Policy?

In every state apart from Montana, the bullying law mandates schools to have a formal policy to help with identification of the behavior and discuss the possible formal and/or informal disciplinary responses that can follow. Some laws require certain elements to be included in the policy (such as a specific definition of bullying), while others simply require a policy without specification.

Off-campus?

Federal case law allows schools to discipline students for off-campus behavior that results in a substantial disruption of the learning environment at school.  These states have simply codified that standard in state statute.

List of States, in case you don’t want to use the map above…

StateIncludes Cyberbullying or Online HarassmentCriminal Sanction
for Cyberbullying or Electronic Harassment
School Sanction
for Cyberbullying
School PolicyIncludes Off-Campus*Law Last Updated
AlabamaYESNONOYESNO
2009
AlaskaNOYESYESYESNO
7/1/2007
ArizonaYESNOYESYESNO
4/19/2011
ArkansasYESYESYESYESYES
7/1/2011
CaliforniaYESYESYESYESYES
10/10/2013
ColoradoYESYESYESYESNO
7/1/2015
ConnecticutYESNOYESYESYES
7/13/2011
DelawareYESproposedYESYESNO
8/10/2016
FloridaYESYESYESYESYES
7/1/2013
GeorgiaYESNOYESYESproposed
8/1/2011
HawaiiYESproposedYESYESNO
6/28/2012
IdahoYESYESYESYESNO
7/1/2015
IllinoisYESNOYESYESYES
1/1/2015
IndianaYESNOYESYESNO
5/11/2013
IowaYESYESYESYESNO
2007
KansasYESNOYESYESNO
6/28/2013
KentuckyYESYESYESYESNO
4/19/2016
LouisianaYESYESYESYESYES
8/1/2010
MaineYESNOYESYESNO
2011
MarylandYESYESYESYESNO
5/2/2013
MassachusettsYESNOYESYESYES
5/3/2010
MichiganYESproposedNOYESYES
3/31/2015
MinnesotaYESNOYESYESYES
7/1/2014
MississippiYESYESYESYESNO
3/11/2011
MissouriYESYESYESYESNO
2016
MontanaYESYESNONONO
4/21/2015
NebraskaYESNOYESYESproposed
2008
NevadaYESYESNOYESNO
3/23/2015
New HampshireYESNONOYESYES
7/1/2010
New JerseyYESYESYESYESYES
1/17/2014
New MexicoYESNOYESYESNO
4/1/2015
New YorkYESproposedYESYESYES
7/1/2012
North CarolinaYESYESYESYESNO
10/1/2012
North DakotaYESYESYESYESNO
7/1/2012
OhioYESNOYESYESNO
11/4/2012
OklahomaYESNOYESYESNO
6/10/2013
OregonYESNOYESYESNO
7/2/2012
PennsylvaniaYESYESYESYESYES
7/10/2015
Rhode IslandYESNOYESYESNO
6/20/2012
South CarolinaYESNOYESYESNO
2006
South DakotaYESNOYESYESYES
3/22/2012
TennesseeYESYESYESYESYES
2014
TexasYESYESYESYESNO
9/1/2013
UtahYESNOYESYESNO
9/1/2009
VermontYESNOYESYESYES
5/11/2012
VirginiaYESNOYESYESNO
7/1/2013
WashingtonYESYESYESYESNO
8/1/2010
West VirginiaYESNOYESYESNO
7/1/2012
WisconsinNOYESYESYESNO
8/15/2010
WyomingYESNOYESYESNO
12/31/2009
STATE TOTALS4822454915
FEDERALproposedNONONONO
9/1/2009
Washington DCYESNOYESYESYES
6/22/2012
*Federal case law allows schools to discipline students for off-campus behavior that results in a substantial disruption of the learning environment at school. These states have simply codified that standard in state statute.