AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY

Please click on any state to learn exactly what their bullying laws include.

Criminal Sanction?

All states have various criminal laws that might apply to bullying behaviors, depending on the nature of the act. For example, if someone is physically hurting another, assault statutes might apply. All states also have criminal harassment and/or stalking statutes, and most include explicit reference to electronic forms. States with a “YES” in this column are the ones that expressly include electronic forms of harassment.

School Sanction?

In certain states, the bullying law specifies provisions allowing the school to discipline students in appropriate and measured ways.

School Policy?

In every state except Montana, the bullying law mandates schools to have a formal policy to help with identification of the behavior and discuss the possible formal and/or informal disciplinary responses that can follow. Some laws require certain elements to be included in the policy (such as a specific definition of bullying), while others simply require a policy without specification.

Off-campus?

Federal case law allows schools to discipline students for off-campus behavior that results in a substantial disruption of the learning environment at school. States with a “YES” in this column have simply codified that standard in state statute.

List of States, in case you don’t want to use the map above…

StateIncludes Cyberbullying or Online HarassmentCriminal Sanction
for Cyberbullying or Electronic Harassment
School Sanction
for Cyberbullying
School PolicyIncludes Off-CampusLaw Last Updated
AlabamaYESYESNOYESNO
2009
AlaskaNOYESYESYESNO
7/1/2007
ArizonaYESYESYESYESNO
4/19/2011
ArkansasYESYESYESYESYES
7/1/2011
CaliforniaYESYESYESYESYES
10/10/2013
ColoradoYESYESYESYESNO
7/1/2015
ConnecticutYESYESYESYESYES
7/13/2011
DelawareYESYESYESYESNO
8/10/2016
FloridaYESYESYESYESYES
7/1/2013
GeorgiaYESYESYESYESproposed
8/1/2011
HawaiiYESYESYESYESNO
6/28/2012
IdahoYESYESYESYESNO
7/1/2015
IllinoisYESYESYESYESYES
1/1/2015
IndianaYESYESYESYESNO
5/11/2013
IowaYESYESYESYESNO
2007
KansasYESYESYESYESNO
6/28/2013
KentuckyYESYESYESYESNO
4/19/2016
LouisianaYESYESYESYESYES
8/1/2010
MaineYESNOYESYESNO
2011
MarylandYESYESYESYESNO
5/2/2013
MassachusettsYESYESYESYESYES
5/3/2010
MichiganYESYESNOYESYES
3/31/2015
MinnesotaYESNOYESYESYES
7/1/2014
MississippiYESYESYESYESNO
3/11/2011
MissouriYESYESYESYESNO
2016
MontanaYESYESNONONO
4/21/2015
NebraskaYESNOYESYESproposed
2008
NevadaYESYESNOYESNO
3/23/2015
New HampshireYESNONOYESYES
7/1/2010
New JerseyYESYESYESYESYES
1/17/2014
New MexicoYESNOYESYESNO
4/1/2015
New YorkYESYESYESYESYES
7/1/2012
North CarolinaYESYESYESYESNO
10/1/2012
North DakotaYESYESYESYESNO
7/1/2012
OhioYESYESYESYESNO
11/4/2012
OklahomaYESYESYESYESNO
6/10/2013
OregonYESYESYESYESNO
7/2/2012
PennsylvaniaYESYESYESYESYES
7/10/2015
Rhode IslandYESYESYESYESNO
6/20/2012
South CarolinaYESYESYESYESNO
2006
South DakotaYESYESYESYESYES
3/22/2012
TennesseeYESYESYESYESYES
2014
TexasYESYESYESYESNO
9/1/2013
UtahYESYESYESYESNO
9/1/2009
VermontYESYESYESYESYES
5/11/2012
VirginiaYESYESYESYESNO
7/1/2013
WashingtonYESYESYESYESNO
8/1/2010
West VirginiaYESYESYESYESNO
7/1/2012
WisconsinNOYESYESYESNO
8/15/2010
WyomingYESNOYESYESNO
12/31/2009
       
STATE TOTALS4844454915 
FEDERALproposedNONONONO
9/1/2009
Washington DCYESNOYESYESYES
6/22/2012