Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Thailand, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.



Authors: Thumronglaohapun, S., Maneeton, B., Maneeton, N., Limpiti, S., Manojai, N., Chaijaruwanich, J., Kummaraka, U., Kardkasem, R., Muangmool, T., Kawilapat, S., Juntaping, K., Traisathit, P., and Srikummoon, P.

Year: 2022

Title: Awareness, perception and perpetration of cyberbullying by high school students and undergraduates in Thailand

Journal: PLOS ONE


Abstract: The modern online society requires everyone, especially children and young people, to learn how to use the Internet. Cyberbullying is one misuse that can be detrimental to the cyberbullied individuals’ mental health and lifestyle, and it often ends up with the victim becoming depressed, fearful of society, and in the worst cases, suicidal ideation. The aim of this study is to investigate the awareness, perception, and perpetration of cyberbullying by high school students and undergraduates to find ways to prevent cyberbullying in the future. For this cross-sectional study, data were collected in 2020 from 14 schools throughout Thailand and 4 universities in Chiang Mai, Thailand, using two-stage sampling. Chi-squared tests were used to compare differences between the groups. Of the 2,683 high school students, girls perceived cyberbullying more than boys (81.6% vs. 75.4%; p <0.001), with those from the later academic years being more aware of cyberbullying (p = 0.033) and more likely to conduct cyberbullying behavior (p = 0.027). Of the 721 undergraduates, women were more aware of cyberbullying than men (92.1% vs. 82.7%; p <0.001). The most common cause of cyberbullying was aiming to tease the target (67.6% of high school students vs. 82.5% of undergraduates). The most commonly cyberbullying victimization was sending mocking or rebuking messages (29.6% of high school students and 39.6% of undergraduates). The most popular solutions for cyberbullying were to avoid leaving a trace on social media and be with friends who accept who you are. Our findings show that most of the cyberbullying perpetrators did not consider that their actions would have serious consequences and only carried out cyberbullying because of wanting to tease their victims. This is useful information for the cyberbullying solution center, teachers, and parents to recognize how to make the students realize the effects of cyberbullying on the victims.



Authors: Sitthi, N., In-iw, S., Theppiban, S., and Manaboriboon, B.

Year: 2022

Title: Cyberbullying Among Adolescents with Chronic Illnesses in Thailand: Prevalence and Relationship with Health-Risk Behaviors

Journal: Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics


Abstract: The use of social media may enhance the quality of life in adolescents living with chronic illnesses but may increase the risk of cyberbullying. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of cyberbullying among adolescents with chronic illnesses and relationship with health-risk behaviors. This is an online survey of randomly recruited adolescents aged 11 to 18 years with chronic illness managed at Siriraj Hospital, Thailand, during 2019 to 2020. Participants were asked to respond anonymously to validated online questionnaires to evaluate health-risk behaviors, experience with cyberbullying, and depression-screening questions. Three hundred forty-one participants with a mean age of 15.02 ± 2.17 years (interquartile range 12.8, 17.2) responded. Reported risk behaviors included sexual activity in 42 participants (12.3%) with almost half (47.6%) having practiced unsafe sex. Alcohol drinking and polysubstance use were also found in 8.5% and 1.2%, respectively. 38 (11.1%) felt depressed within the previous 2-week period. 56 (16.4%) had been a cyberbully victim. Among the victims, 25 (44.6%) were also cyberbullies themselves. Chronically ill adolescents were more likely to be a victim of cyberbullying if they knew someone who had also been a victim (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 5.25 [95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.80–15.29], p < 0.001) or had a positive depression screening (aOR 6.182 [95% CI = 2.41–15.85], p < 0.001). Underlying diseases, age, sex, risky behaviors, and time spent online were not associated with being cyberbullied. Thai adolescents with chronic illness were similar to their healthy peers regarding health-risk behaviors and the likelihood of being a victim of cyberbullying. Screening for risky behaviors, evidence of depression, and online activity during routine medical visits was an opportunity to prevent cyberbullying.



Author: Euajarusphan, A.

Year: 2021

Title: Cyberbullying and Thai Generation Z Youths in Bangkok, Thailand

Journal: International Journal of Crime, Law and Social Issues


Abstract: This research has the objective to study the behavior of using online media, awareness, attitudes, and intentions that lead to cyberbullying among Thai Generation Z youths. This includes the attitude towards handling cyberbullying and the relationship between awareness, attitude, and cyberbullying intention and the attitude towards handling cyberbullying of Thai Generation Z youths. The study is quantitative research, utilizing a questionnaire for data collection from 400 Thai youths aged between 19-24 years in Bangkok. The statistical analysis included percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, F-test, One-way ANOVA, LSD, and Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient. The analysis of personal factors at the significance level of 0.05 indicated that gender has an impact on online media usage, location of online media usage, and time of online media use are statistically different. Age has an impact on online media usage, location of online media usage, time of online media use, online social media network used, and reason for using online social media are statistically different. Education level has an impact on online media usage, and the location, time, and online social media network used are statistically different. In addition, the analysis of cyberbullying experience revealed that most of the respondents have experienced cyberbullying, awareness about cyberbullying behavior and a negative attitude towards cyberbullying at a high level. Regarding cyberbullying intention, the respondents are highly unlikely to engage in such behaviors. The respondents reported that they are highly capable of handling cyberbullying behavior. Examination of the relationship between awareness, attitude, and cyberbullying intention and the attitude in handling cyberbullying of Thai youths in Generation Z found that awareness of cyberbullying has a relationship with attitude in handling cyberbullying is quite low. The relationship between cyberbullying intention and attitude in handling cyberbullying is quite low.



Authors: Sittichai, R., and Smith, P. K.

Year: 2020

Title: Information Technology Use and Cyberbullying Behavior in South Thailand: A Test of the Goldilocks Hypothesis

Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health


Abstract: There has been concern about the effects of high levels of internet use on the mental well-being of young people. This has generally been phrased in terms of a displacement hypothesis, that the extent of internet use and mental well-being are directly proportional. This linear model has been contrasted with a Goldilocks Hypothesis, proposed by Przybylski and Weinstein. This supposes that moderate levels of internet use may be the least harmful, conforming to a curvilinear relationship. Here these hypotheses were tested on a sample of 1140 adolescents (42% boys, 58% girls) aged 12–18 years, in 12 schools from Southern Thailand. We first report levels of internet use, and of cybervictimization, taken as one important aspect of mental well-being. We then assess the relationship of four factors of internet use (frequency, time spent, number of places accessed, number of activities) with (a) being a victim of cyberbullying, and (b) being a frequent victim; taking these as indicators of mental well-being. For (a) there was limited evidence of a Goldilocks effect on two out of four measures. For (b) the evidence did support a Goldilocks effect for all four measures, but these were under-powered analyses and the findings did not reach statistical significance. If substantiated on larger samples, a curvilinear relationship between aspects of internet use and cyberbullying would suggest a ‘safe zone’ for adolescent internet use, bringing its benefits while minimizing risks of cyberbullying. In the future, similar research should use larger sample sizes or longitudinal measures when exploring nonlinear trends and include other aspects of mental well-being.



Authors: Tiamboonprasert, W., & Charoensukmongkol, P.

Year: 2020

Title: Effect of Ethical Leadership on Workplace Cyberbullying Exposure and Organizational Commitment

Journal: The Journal of Behavioral Science


Abstract: Cyberbullying is a significant and prevalent problem in Thai society. Although research about cyberbullying has been conducted among teenagers and employees at private organizations, there remains a research gap regarding the issue of cyberbullying in educational institutions, particularly the antecedent and outcome associated with it. The present study investigates the effect of ethical leadership on employees’ exposure to workplace cyberbullying at one public university in Thailand. Theoretically, the role of ethical leadership is based on the Emotion Reaction Model. Survey data were collected from 358 employees using stratified sampling. The results from Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling support the effect of ethical leadership on cyberbullying exposure (β= -.20, p < 0.01), as well as the effect of cyberbullying exposure on organizational commitment (β= -.25, p < 0.01). Additionally, the scope of usage for the computer-mediated communication (CMC) platform significantly moderates the effects of ethical leadership on cyberbullying exposure (β = -.14, p < 0.01) as well as the effect of cyberbullying exposure on organizational commitment (β = -.16, p < 0.01). This research provides two related implications. Firstly, it is crucial to understand that cyberbullying can happen easily when employees use various CMC platforms in the university. Secondly, although it is inevitable to regulate employees’ use of CMC, the role of the supervisor’s ethical leadership plays a vital role in creating the supportive and ethical climate in the work units to prevent the chance that someone will utilize the technology to cyberbullying other employees.