Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Slovakia, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.
Authors: Marie Bedrosova, Hana Machackova, Jan Šerek, David Smahel, Catherine Blaya
Title: The relation between the cyberhate and cyberbullying experiences of adolescents in the Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia
Journal: Computers in Human Behavior
Abstract: This study investigates the structural relationship between two types of cyberaggression: cyberhate and cyberbullying. Cyberhate is online hate speech that attacks collective identities. Cyberbullying is defined by the intent to harm, its repeated nature, and a power imbalance. Considering these features and the shared commonalities, we used survey data from adolescents from the Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia (N = 3,855, aged 11–17) to examine the relationship between them. We tested a bifactor model with the general common risk factor and two distinct factors of cyberhate and cyberbullying. We also tested alternative one-factor and two-factor models. The bifactor structure showed the best fit and allowed for the further examination of the unique and common features of cyberhate and cyberbullying by testing their associations with selected risk and protective factors. The results showed that the general risk factor was associated with higher age, emotional problems, and time spent online. Individual-based discrimination was associated with cyberbullying and the general risk factor. Group-based discrimination was associated with cyberhate and cyberbullying. Exposure to harmful online content was associated with all factors. Considering that prior research did not sufficiently differentiate between these two phenomena, our study provides an empirically-based delimitation to help to identify their shared basis and differences.
Authors: Dóra Eszter Várnai, Marta Malinowska-Cieślik, Andrea Madarasová Gecková, Ladislav Csémy, Zsolt Horváth
Title: Do Neighbors Have More Peaceful Students? Youth Violence Profiles among Adolescents in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia
Journal: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health
Abstract: (1) Background: Co-occurrence or overlaps of different forms or involvement in peer violence among adolescents have been broadly studied. The study aimed to assess adolescents’ violence profiles related to bullying, cyberbullying, and fighting in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia. The study was to investigate the pattern of bullying, cyberbullying, and fighting involvement among adolescents in these four countries to test the stability of previously identified profiles. (2) Methods: We analyzed the data from the 2017/2018 international Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey, which used proportionate sampling among adolescents aged 11–15 years old (n = 24,501). A Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was performed to determine violence profiles in each country. (3) Results: In Slovakia, three distinct latent classes were identified, primarily cyber victims, school bullies, and those involved in multiple forms, and in the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland bully victims was the fourth class. (4) Conclusions: The findings suggest that peer violence prevention programs in adolescents should consider violence profiles and multiple involvements.
Authors: V. Gabaľová, L. Valachovičová
Title: CYBERBULLYING AS A SECONDARY NEGATIVE PHENOMENON DURING DISTANCE EDUCATION AND PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF VICTIMS OF CYBERBULLYING
Journal: 14th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Abstract: The article discusses negative phenomena from the point of view of cybernetical safety for primary and secondary school pupils in the pre-pandemic period and during the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, primary and secondary school pupils were forced to complete education in front of ICT peripheral devices transmitting video and audio using videoconference systems with Internet connection. The article provides an insight into the many negative experiences that are documented in surveys of institutions providing legal protection. The authors also provide an overview of the pitfalls of the online world in the pre-candidate period, when online education in compulsory schooling in Slovakia practically did not exist, supported by statistical investigations. They also focus on looking at the pitfalls of the online world after more than 12 months of distance learning. The authors also describe the possibility of protecting the rights of victims of primary and secondary school pupils in the conditions of the Slovak Republic. Although the research was carried out in Slovakia, many of the results obtained can be generalized.