Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Romania, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.
Authors: Iorga, M., Pop, L.M., Croitoru, I., Hanganu, E., and Anton-Păduraru, D.
Title: Exploring the Importance of Gender, Family Affluence, Parenting Style and Loneliness in Cyberbullying Victimization and Aggression among Romanian Adolescents
Journal: Behavioral Science
Abstract: The increasing phenomenon of cyberbullying among adolescents needs parental, educational, and social intervention. The study aimed to identify the prevalence of cyberbullying among Romanian adolescents and the importance of gender, family-related factors, self-esteem, and parental styles in both victims and perpetrators. A total of 835 adolescents aged 10–19 years were included in the research. An online questionnaire was specially constructed for this research, gathering socio-demographic and family-related data along with information about cyberbullying as a victim, aggressor, or bystander, and strategies used in order to deal with it. Four psychological scales were used to evaluate self-esteem, loneliness, cybervictimization/cyberaggression, and parental style. (3) Results showed that the most common age for a personal smartphone is M = 10.24 ± 2.43. The main reasons why students use these networks are primarily chatting and fun and less for academic tasks. During the week, adolescents spend 5.53 ± 2.75 h on social media, while during weekends, the duration of smartphone usage almost doubles. Girls are the most common victims of cyberbullying, and less than three-quarters of students believe that aggressors can be both girls and boys, and only a quarter of them have reported an incident. Family affluence, the relationship with parents and classmates, the presence of loneliness and sociodemographic factors were found to be in a strong relationship with the presence of aggression and/or victimization among adolescents. Cyberaggression was found to be positively correlated with the aggressive parental style and negatively correlated with the compassionate and avoidant parental styles. Results are crucial for identifying cyberbullying actors and preventing the negative effects of cyberbullying on psychological, social, and academic life for students, parents, and teachers.
Authors: Turliuc, M.N., Măirean, C., and Boca-Zamfir, M.
Title: The relation between cyberbullying and depressive symptoms in adolescence. The moderating role of emotion regulation strategies
Journal: Computers in Human Behavior
Abstract: This present study investigated the relations between cyberbullying (i.e. cyberaggression and cybervictimisation) and depressive symptoms in a 6 month longitudinal design. The primary aim of the study was to test the relation between cyberbullying and depressive symptoms. Our second aim was to explore the moderating role of emotion regulation strategies in the relation between cyberbullying and depressive symptoms. A sample of 310 adolescents (53.2% girls, Mage = 15.30, years, SD = 1.67) participated in the study, in the Time 1 session and 6 months later in the Time 2 session. The results of a Cross-Lagged analysis showed that depressive symptoms measured at Time 1 were not related to cyberaggression and cybervictimisation at Time 2, while cyberaggression at Time 1 was significantly related to depressive symptoms later at Time 2. Moreover, the results showed that cognitive reappraisal moderated the relations between the two forms of cyberbullying and depressive symptoms. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.
Authors: Zavoianu, E. and Pânișoară, I.
Title: Cyberbullying prevention and intervention programs – are they enough to reduce the number of online aggressions?
Journal: Journal of Education Culture and Society
Abstract: Aim. In order to provide a complete image of this phenomenon in the world and how different countries are dealing with it, I analysed some reasearch regarding the methods of prevention and intervention in cyberbullying that they have adopted. Methods. After studying the programs implemented in other countries, I counducted a research on 22 psychologists from Romania in order to find out their oppionions about these programs. Conclusions. The results of this research study showed that the intervention and prevention programs adopted by different countries are esential in reduction of the cyberbullying cases, but these programs have to be combined with personalised intervention.
Authors: Roman, A., Rad, D., Egerau, A., Dixon, D., Dughi, T., Kelemen, G., Balas, E., and Rad, G.
Title: Physical Self-Schema Acceptance and Perceived Severity of Online Aggressiveness in Cyberbullying Incidents
Journal: Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in Education
Abstract: In the present study, physical self-schema referred to the perceived body image youths have over their physical appearance. Using a two-item online questionnaire, the study analyzed the effect of physical self-schema acceptance on perceived severity of online aggressiveness in cyberbullying. Five hundred and seven students from Belgium, Spain, Romania, and Turkey participated in the survey. The results suggest that when mapping effects of physical self-schema acceptance on perceived negative effect of online aggressiveness, the curvilinear interaction model (2%) is more robust than the linear interaction model (0.8%), when both models are statistically significant.
Authors: Theodoros N. Sergentanis, Sofia D. Bampalitsa, Paraskevi Theofilou, Eleni Panagouli, Elpis Vlachopapadopoulou, Stefanos Michalacos, Alexandros Gryparis, Loretta Thomaidis, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Maria Tsolia, Flora Bacopoulou, and Artemis Tsitsika
Title: Cyberbullying and Obesity in Adolescents: Prevalence and Associations in Seven European Countries of the EU NET ADB Survey
Journal: Childhood and Adolescent Obesity and Weight Management
Abstract: Background: overweight and obese individuals may often face aggressive messages or comments on the internet. This study attempts to evaluate the association between cyberbullying victimization and overweight/obesity in adolescents participating in the European Network for Addictive Behavior (EU NET ADB) survey. Methods: a school-based cross-sectional study of adolescents aged 14–17.9 years was conducted (n = 8785) within the EU NET ADB survey, including data from seven European countries (Germany, Greece, Iceland, the Netherlands, Romania, Poland, Spain). Complex samples and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: overall, overweight adolescents were more likely to have been cyberbullied compared to their normal weight peers (adjusted OR (Odds ratio) = 1.20, CI (confidence intervals): 1.01–1.42); this association was pronounced in Germany (adjusted OR = 1.58, CI: 1.11–2.25). In Iceland, obese adolescents reported cyberbullying victimization more frequently compared to their normal weight peers (adjusted OR = 2.87, 95% CI: 1.00–8.19). No significant associations with cyberbullying victimization were identified either for obese or overweight adolescents in Greece, Spain, Romania, Poland, and the Netherlands. Conclusions: this study reveals an overall association between cyberbullying victimization and overweight on the basis of a sizable, representative sample of adolescent population from seven European countries. Country-specific differences might reflect differential behavioral perceptions, but also normalization aspects.
Authors: Yanagida, T., Gradnger, P., Strohmeier, D., Solomontos-Kointouri, O., Trip, S., Bora, C.
Title: Cross-National Prevalence of Traditional Bullying, Traditional Victimization, Cyberbullying and Cyber-Victimization: Comparing Single-Item and Multiple-Item Approaches of Measurement
Journal: International Journal of Developmental Science
Abstract: Many large-scale cross-national studies rely on a single-item measurement when comparing prevalence rates of traditional bullying, traditional victimization, cyberbullying, and cyber-victimization between countries. However, the reliability and validity of single-item measurement approaches are highly problematic and might be biased. Data from three countries were used as an example case to compare the single- and multiple-item approaches from a substantial and a statistical point of view. The sample comprised 671 Austrian (46.3% girls), 691 Cypriot (45.9% girls), and 604 Romanian (46.7% girls) 12 year old students. Data were collected via self-assessments with single and multiple-items. Because scalar measurement invariance could be established for the multiple-item measurement approaches, latent means between the three countries were compared. Substantial results of the single- and multiple-item approach did not differ for traditional bullying and traditional victimization, but differed for cyberbullying and cyber-victimization. As a consequence, we suggest using carefully validated multiple-item scales for cross-national comparisons.
Author(s): O’Neill, B., & Dinh, T.
Title: Mobile technologies and the incidence of cyberbullying in Seven European Countries: findings from Net children go mobile.
Abstract: The harmful effects of bullying and harassment on children have long been of concern to parents, educators, and policy makers. The online world presents a new environment in which vulnerable children can be victimized and a space where perpetrators find new ways to perform acts of harassment. While online bullying is often considered to be an extension of persistent offline behavior, according to EU Kids Online (2011), the most common form of bullying is in person, face-to-face. With the rise in use of mobile Internet technologies, this balance is changing. Increased levels of use and more time spent online accessed through a variety of devices has increased children’s exposure to a range of online risks, including cyberbullying. This article presents the findings of the Net Children Go Mobile project, a cross-national study of children aged 9–16 in seven European countries. The research builds on the work of EU Kids Online and supports the identification of new trends in children’s online experiences of risk and safety. The study finds that while overall levels of bullying have remained relatively static, levels of online bullying have increased, particularly among younger teens. The relationship between cyberbullying and the use of mobile Internet technologies is examined and factors contributing to increased levels of cyberbullying are highlighted.
Author(s): Tsitsika, A., Janikian, M., Wójcik, S., Makaruk, K., Tzavela, E., Tzavara, C., … & Richardson, C.
Title: Cyberbullying victimization prevalence and associations with internalizing and externalizing problems among adolescents in six European countries.
Journal: Computers in Human Behavior
Abstract: Cyberbullying victimization is an important adolescent health issue. The cross-national study aimed to investigate the prevalence of cyber victimization and associated internalizing, externalizing and academic problems among adolescents in six European countries. A cross-sectional school-based study of 14–17 year-old adolescents (N = 10,930; F/M: 5719/5211; mean age 15.8 ± 0.7 years) was conducted in Spain, Poland, the Netherlands, Romania, Iceland and Greece. In total, 21.4% of adolescents reported cyber victimization in the past 12 months. Reports were more frequent among girls than boys (23.9% vs. 18.5%), and among the older adolescents compared to the younger ones (24.2% vs. 19.7%). The prevalence was highest in Romania and Greece (37.3% and 26.8%) and lowest in Spain and Iceland (13.3% and 13.5%). Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that cyber victimization was more frequent among adolescents using the internet and social networking sites for two or more hours daily. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that externalizing, internalizing and academic problems were associated with cyber victimization. Overall, cyber victimization was found to be a problem of substantial extent, concerning more than one in five of the studied European adolescents. Action against cyber victimization is crucial while policy planning should be aimed at the prevention of the phenomenon.
Author(s): Kinga, S., Kármen, D., Eniko, B., Andrea, B., & Noémi-Emese, K.
Title: Creativity and personality profiles of adolescents based on cyberbullying roles – pilot study.
Journal: Transylvanian Journal of Psychology
Abstract: The goal of our pilot study was to describe creative style and Hexaco personality traits of adolescents involved in the cyberbullying phenomenon. We have hypothesized that cyberbullies, victims and cyberbully-victim adolescents have different patterns of creativity style and personality traits. Research data was gathered from N= 138 with ages between 14-18 years. Results revealed that there is a tendency for the most affected subgroup involved in cyberbullying (cyberbully-victims) to present higher levels of creative style. Specific associations between creativity and personality were found when analyzing the profiles of cyberbully roles by gender. Emotionality, Conscientiousness and Honesty were the main personality traits which presented distinct associations with the creative style of male and female students involved in cyberbullying.