Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Romania, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.
Authors: Yanagida, T., Gradnger, P., Strohmeier, D., Solomontos-Kointouri, O., Trip, S., Bora, C.
Title: Cross-National Prevalence of Traditional Bullying, Traditional Victimization, Cyberbullying and Cyber-Victimization: Comparing Single-Item and Multiple-Item Approaches of Measurement
Journal: International Journal of Developmental Science
Abstract: Many large-scale cross-national studies rely on a single-item measurement when comparing prevalence rates of traditional bullying, traditional victimization, cyberbullying, and cyber-victimization between countries. However, the reliability and validity of single-item measurement approaches are highly problematic and might be biased. Data from three countries were used as an example case to compare the single- and multiple-item approaches from a substantial and a statistical point of view. The sample comprised 671 Austrian (46.3% girls), 691 Cypriot (45.9% girls), and 604 Romanian (46.7% girls) 12 year old students. Data were collected via self-assessments with single and multiple-items. Because scalar measurement invariance could be established for the multiple-item measurement approaches, latent means between the three countries were compared. Substantial results of the single- and multiple-item approach did not differ for traditional bullying and traditional victimization, but differed for cyberbullying and cyber-victimization. As a consequence, we suggest using carefully validated multiple-item scales for cross-national comparisons.
Citation: Yanagida, T., Gradinger, P., Strohmeier, D., Solomontos-Kountouri, O., Trip, S., & Bora, C. (2016). Cross-National Prevalence of Traditional Bullying, Traditional Victimization, Cyberbullying and Cyber-Victimization: Comparing Single-Item and Multiple-Item Approaches of Measurement. International Journal of Developmental Science, 10(1-2), 21–32. doi: 10.3233/dev-150173
Author(s): O’Neill, B., & Dinh, T.
Title: Mobile technologies and the incidence of cyberbullying in Seven European Countries: findings from Net children go mobile.
Abstract: The harmful effects of bullying and harassment on children have long been of concern to parents, educators, and policy makers. The online world presents a new environment in which vulnerable children can be victimized and a space where perpetrators find new ways to perform acts of harassment. While online bullying is often considered to be an extension of persistent offline behavior, according to EU Kids Online (2011), the most common form of bullying is in person, face-to-face. With the rise in use of mobile Internet technologies, this balance is changing. Increased levels of use and more time spent online accessed through a variety of devices has increased children’s exposure to a range of online risks, including cyberbullying. This article presents the findings of the Net Children Go Mobile project, a cross-national study of children aged 9–16 in seven European countries. The research builds on the work of EU Kids Online and supports the identification of new trends in children’s online experiences of risk and safety. The study finds that while overall levels of bullying have remained relatively static, levels of online bullying have increased, particularly among younger teens. The relationship between cyberbullying and the use of mobile Internet technologies is examined and factors contributing to increased levels of cyberbullying are highlighted.
Citation: O’Neill, B., & Dinh, T. (2015). Mobile technologies and the incidence of cyberbullying in Seven European Countries: findings from Net children go mobile. Societies, 5(2), 384-398.
Author(s): Tsitsika, A., Janikian, M., Wójcik, S., Makaruk, K., Tzavela, E., Tzavara, C., … & Richardson, C.
Title: Cyberbullying victimization prevalence and associations with internalizing and externalizing problems among adolescents in six European countries.
Journal: Computers in Human Behavior
Abstract: Cyberbullying victimization is an important adolescent health issue. The cross-national study aimed to investigate the prevalence of cyber victimization and associated internalizing, externalizing and academic problems among adolescents in six European countries. A cross-sectional school-based study of 14–17 year-old adolescents (N = 10,930; F/M: 5719/5211; mean age 15.8 ± 0.7 years) was conducted in Spain, Poland, the Netherlands, Romania, Iceland and Greece. In total, 21.4% of adolescents reported cyber victimization in the past 12 months. Reports were more frequent among girls than boys (23.9% vs. 18.5%), and among the older adolescents compared to the younger ones (24.2% vs. 19.7%). The prevalence was highest in Romania and Greece (37.3% and 26.8%) and lowest in Spain and Iceland (13.3% and 13.5%). Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that cyber victimization was more frequent among adolescents using the internet and social networking sites for two or more hours daily. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that externalizing, internalizing and academic problems were associated with cyber victimization. Overall, cyber victimization was found to be a problem of substantial extent, concerning more than one in five of the studied European adolescents. Action against cyber victimization is crucial while policy planning should be aimed at the prevention of the phenomenon.
Citation: Tsitsika, A., Janikian, M., Wójcik, S., Makaruk, K., Tzavela, E., Tzavara, C., … & Richardson, C. (2015). Cyberbullying victimization prevalence and associations with internalizing and externalizing problems among adolescents in six European countries. Computers in Human Behavior, 51, 1-7.
Author(s): Kinga, S., Kármen, D., Eniko, B., Andrea, B., & Noémi-Emese, K.
Title: Creativity and personality profiles of adolescents based on cyberbullying roles – pilot study.
Journal: Transylvanian Journal of Psychology
Abstract: The goal of our pilot study was to describe creative style and Hexaco personality traits of adolescents involved in the cyberbullying phenomenon. We have hypothesized that cyberbullies, victims and cyberbully-victim adolescents have different patterns of creativity style and personality traits. Research data was gathered from N= 138 with ages between 14-18 years. Results revealed that there is a tendency for the most affected subgroup involved in cyberbullying (cyberbully-victims) to present higher levels of creative style. Specific associations between creativity and personality were found when analyzing the profiles of cyberbully roles by gender. Emotionality, Conscientiousness and Honesty were the main personality traits which presented distinct associations with the creative style of male and female students involved in cyberbullying.
Citation: Kinga, S., Kármen, D., Eniko, B., Andrea, B., & Noémi-Emese, K. (2014). Creativity and personality profiles of adolescents based on cyberbullying roles-pilot study. Erdelyi Pszichologiai Szemle= Transylvanian Journal of Psychology, 15(2), 181.