Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Phillipines, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. 


Authors: Patacsil, F. F.

Year: 2019

Title: Analysis of Cyberbullying Incidence among Filipina Victims: A Pattern Recognition using Association Rule Extraction

Journal: I.J. Intelligent Systems and Applications

URL: DOI: 10.5815/ijisa.2019.11.05

Abstract: Cyberbullying is an intentional action of harassment along the complex domain of social media utilizing information technology online. This research experimented unsupervised associative approach on text mining technique to automatically find cyberbullying words, patterns and extract association rules from a collection of tweets based on the domain / frequent words. Furthermore, this research identifies the relationship between cyberbullying keywords with other cyberbullying words, thus generating knowledge discovery of different cyberbullying word patterns from unstructured tweets. The study revealed that the type of dominant frequent cyberbullying words are intelligence, personality, and insulting words that describe the behavior, appearance of the female victims and sex related words that humiliate female victims. The results of the study suggest that we can utilize unsupervised associative approached in text mining to extract important information from unstructured text. Further, applying association rules can be helpful in recognizing the relationship and meaning between keywords with other words, therefore generating knowledge discovery of different datasets from unstructured text.

Citation: Patacsil, F. F. (2019). Analysis of Cyberbullying Incidence among Filipina Victims: A Pattern Recognition using Association Rule Extraction.


Authors: Rajamanickam, R., Ramli, F. S., Na’aim, M. S. M., Hassan, M. S., & Hashim, H.

Year: 2019

Title: Defining Bullying among Students from Criminal Law Perspective: Comparison between Malaysia and the Philippines

Journal: Universal Journal of Educational Research

URL: DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2019.070803

Abstract: School bullying is not new, but it has been a long and constant problem. Bullying issues are often reported in the mass media and have garnered attention not only in Malaysia but also abroad. Today, bullying can no longer considered as a trivial social problem that can be taken lightly. Failure to address this issue will have bad consequences for students in particular. Various ways have been introduced to tackle this issue and one of them is through the enforcement of law. This study will focus on the bullying within the legal framework in Malaysia, especially in the context of its definition. Studies showed that while in Malaysia, there are alarming statistics about bullying, but little attention has been paid to the absence of any specific law dealing with bullying in Malaysia. To date, no statutory definition of bullying has been provided. This paper thus provides an overview of Malaysia’s legal framework of bullying compared with the Philippines law on bullying. Despite a number of definitions of bullying provided by the scholars, the paper concludes that to date, there are no specific law on bullying and its statutory definition in Malaysia. Such absence may not fully safeguard the interests of bullying victims comprehensively. The findings would give more clarity to the theoretical framework of bullying in Malaysia thus showing the commitment of the government towards preventing the rampancy of this issue through legal enforcement

Citation: Rajamanickam, R., Ramli, F. S., Na’aim, M. S. M., Hassan, M. S., & Hashim, H. (2019). Defining Bullying among Students from Criminal Law Perspective: Comparison between Malaysia and the Philippines. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 7(8), 1643-1649.


Authors: Fabito, B. S., & Yabut, E. R

Year: 2018

Title: Prevalence of Cyberbullying and Addiction in Mobile Gaming among Tertiary Students in one University in the Philippines: An Ethical Discussion in the lens of Consequentialism.

Journal: 10th International Conference on Humanoid, Nanotechnology, Information Technology, Communication and Control, Environment and Management

URL: DOI: 10.1109/HNICEM.2018.8666295

Abstract: Mobile gamification has been explored to understand the possibility of its application to promote engagement and motivation for learning among students. However, it cannot be disputed that the growing market for mobile games has drawn several ethical setbacks. Two of the setbacks arising from mobile gaming are addiction and cyberbullying. Mobile Game Addiction and Cyberbullying are ethical concerns that should be addressed respectively as it hampers regular individual activities particularly of students in an academic institution. In the Philippines, very few or no studies have been conducted to determine the prevalence of ethical concerns in mobile gaming specifically on Mobile Game Addiction and Cyberbullying. It is the role of the present study to determine the prevalence of Cyberbullying and Addiction in the context of Mobile Gaming among students of one University in the Philippines through the Quantitative Approach. Existing Surveys were used to determine the possible prevalence of Cyberbullying and Addiction. Additionally, a discussion on consequentialism about the ethical dilemma in mobile gaming is addressed through Qualitative approach. From the Game Addiction Test, the over-all mean suggested that thirty-six (36) out of the eighty-eight (88) respondents are at risk for Mobile Game addiction, whereas, six (6) can be classified as mobile game addicts. The test also revealed that the respondents play mobile games for Mood Modification (the need to shift from a bad mood to a good mood). For Cyberbullying, it is not conclusive that majority of the respondents have experience or have initiated cyberbullying in mobile games. Nevertheless, a few of the respondents have become a victim or have initiated cyberbullying. Ethical discussion on Consequentialism and recommendations are discussed in the latter part of the paper.

Citation: Fabito, B. S., & Yabut, E. R. Prevalence of Cyberbullying and Addiction in Mobile Gaming among Tertiary Students in one University in the Philippines: An Ethical Discussion in the lens of Consequentialism. In 2018 IEEE 10th International Conference on Humanoid, Nanotechnology, Information Technology, Communication and Control, Environment and Management (HNICEM) (pp. 1-6). IEEE.


Authors: Ruiz, R. M. N. M.

Year: 2018

Title: Curbing Cyberbullying Among Students: A Comparative Analysis of Existing Laws Among Selected Asian Countries

Journal: PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences

URL: DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20319/pijss.2019.43.12851305

Abstract: Last 2013, the Philippines approved the Anti-Bullying law, which covered cyberbullying. However, a 2015 study revealed that 80% of Filipino teenagers aged 13 to 16 are still experiencing cyberbullying (Takumi, 2016). This paper attempted to compare existing laws on cyberbullying among selected ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. It also aims to identify each country’s anti-cyberbullying measures that might fit other ASEAN countries’ needs. To achieve its purposes, it used a qualitative research with the following primary methods: discourse analysis of cyberbullying laws and alternative strategies addressing said concern; and literature review of online journals, online publications, and online news articles. The study revealed that the Philippines is the only ASEAN country with a cyberbullying law that addresses the students, while other countries have alternative strategies in addressing the issue. Further, it found that cyberbullying is experienced by individuals aged 6 to 30 through Facebook and Twitter. The study suggests that the government should require schools to develop specific and consistent policies that would address this concern; and a curriculum that promotes digital responsibility. Finally, parents are encouraged to educate their children on ethical values, particularly in the digital world.

Citation: Ruiz, R. M. N. M. (2018). Curbing Cyberbullying Among Students: A Comparative Analysis of Existing Laws Among Selected Asian Countries. PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences, 4(3).


Authors: Vargas, E., Niguidula, J. D., Hernandez, A. A., Marquez, P. S., & Caballero, J. M.

Year: 2018

Title: Senior High School Students Cyberbullying Experience: A Case of University in the Philippines

Journal: N/A

URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324692240_Senior_High_School_Students_Cyberbullying_Experience_A_Case_of_University_in_the_Philippines

Abstract: Twitter is widely used to explore on the opinions of the public in variety of topics. It has constantly gained popularity as good source of information for visualization-centered application. This paper aims to understand the opinions of senior high school students’ on cyberbullying in a university in the Philippines. This study uses a tweet visualization tool to present the opinions of students. The results of the study indicate that most of the students feel pleasant on cyberbullying as the university administration officers continuously drives information awareness campaign that decreases fear and unpleasant emotion among the senior high school students. Therefore, cyberbullying among senior high school students remain an important concern for educators and students. This study suggests practical and research recommendations.

Citation: Vargas, E., Niguidula, J. D., Hernandez, A. A., Marquez, P. S., & Caballero, J. M. (2018). Senior High School Students Cyberbullying Experience: A Case of University in the Philippines.


Authors: Baronia-Locson, E. L. C

Year: 2012

Title: Impact of Cyberbullying Among Selected High School Students In Philippines, 2011

Journal: AAP National Conference and Exhibition. American Academy of Pediatric

URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/267912395_Impact_of_Cyberbullying_Among_Selected_High_School_Students_In_Philippines_2011

Abstract: With the advent of technology, cyberbullying is becoming more prevalent with the use of electronic devices such as computers and mobile phones. This study will assess the impact of cyberbullying and its different subtypes (phone call, text message, social network and e-mail bullying) among different year levels in a selected secondary school in the Philippines. Out of the 395 respondents, 334 experienced cyber bullying alone of which majority are females (64.07%). For all types of cyberbullying, first year level has the most number of victims and fourth year having the least. Overall, social networking has the most number of victims while phone call has the least. Phone calls are considered least harmful by 4th year and is more harmful for 1st year. All year levels consider social networking to be the most harmful for all subtypes of cyberbullying. Text message and email bullying are considered more harmful by 1st year and least harmful by 3rd year. Analyzing the impact of each subtype of cyberbullying per year level, social network and email bullying were statistically significant. Phone call and text message bullying were not statistically significant.

Citation: Baronia-Locson, E. L. C. (2012, October). Impact of Cyberbullying Among Selected High School Students In Philippines, 2011. In 2012 AAP National Conference and Exhibition. American Academy of Pediatrics.


Authors: Goebert, D., Else, I., Matsu, C., Chung-Do, J., & Chang, J

Year: 2011

Title: The Impact of Cyberbullying on Substance Use and Mental Health in a Multiethnic Sample

Journal: Maternal & Child Health Journal

URL: DOI: 10.1007/s10995-010-0672-x

Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between cyberbullying and mental health problems among a multiethnic sample of high school students in Hawai`i. A University-Community partnership was established to direct the research. Using a mixed-methods approach, we explored violence among Asian and Pacific Islander youth. In the first phase, focus groups were conducted to identify areas of youth concern and develop survey questions. Responses from 677 high school students on interpersonal youth violence and risk and protective factors were utilized in this study. More than 1 in 2 youth (56.1%) had been victims of cyberbullying in the last year. Filipino and Samoan youth were more likely to report feeling badly about themselves as a result of cyberbullying. While cyberbullying and mental health problems varied by sex and ethnicity, we found that cyberbullying is widespread with serious potential consequences among Asian and Pacific Islander youth. A multifaceted approach is needed to reduce and prevent cyberbullying. School, family and community programs that strengthen positive relationships and promote safe use of technology provide promise for reducing cyberbullying.

Citation: Goebert, D., Else, I., Matsu, C., Chung-Do, J., & Chang, J. (2011). The Impact of Cyberbullying on Substance Use and Mental Health in a Multiethnic Sample. Maternal & Child Health Journal, 15(8), 1282–1286.