Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Phillipines, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others. 



Authors: Costales, J., Asio, J.M., Albino, M., Albino, F. and Dios, E.E.R.

Year: 2022

Title: Students’ Profile and Prevalence of Cyberbullying in Higher Education: Implications to the New Normal Learning

Journal: Couldn’t Find


Abstract: Cyberbullying is a social disorder emanating from the development of technology and wider access to the Internet. This study aims to assess the students’ profiles and the prevalence of cyberbullying in the higher education institutions in Central Luzon, Philippines. The study used a descriptive-correlational technique with the help of an online survey to gather data. Using a convenience sampling technique, 319 higher education students participated in the online survey, first semester of the academic year 2021–2022. In order to attain the objective of the study, the investigators used a standardized instrument. Using SPSS 23, we analyzed the gathered data using the following statistical tools: frequency, percentage, weighted mean, and non-parametrical tests like Kruskall-Wallis and Spearman rho. Respondents revealed that they were “never” cyberbullying victims or offenders. Furthermore, statistical inferences showed a variation for cyberbullying offenders as to age and sponsorship/scholarship and a weak indirect relationship between cyberbullying offenders and sponsorship/scholarship characteristics of the students. From the results of the study, the investigators recommended pertinent implications for the new normal of learning among students and the institution.



Authors: Shannen, T., Kim, S., and Lee, J.

Year: 2021

Title: Empathy, cyberbullying, and cybervictimization among Filipino adolescents

Journal: National Library of Medicine


Abstract: The purpose of this study was to gain insights into empathy, cyberbullying, and cybervictimization among Filipino adolescents. The participants were 168 junior high school students in the 7th to 10th grades at a public high school in Cavite Province, Philippines. Data were collected on demographic characteristics, the Basic Empathy Scale, and Revised Cyber Bullying Inventory-II scores. The data were analyzed in SPSS using descriptive statistics (frequency and mean), the independent t-test, bivariate correlation, and one-way analysis of variance. The degree of empathy did not show a statistically significant relationship with cyberbullying (r=−.07, p=.359) but did show a significant relationship with cybervictimization (r=.18, p=.025). Furthermore, cyberbullying had a statistically significant association with cybervictimization (r=.60, p<.001. Although empathy does not necessarily affect cyberbullying, higher levels of empathy were found among cyberbullying victims. However, an alarming result of this study is the possibility that victims may become cyberbullies. Therefore, we should highlight empathy as part of efforts to prevent cyberbullying and to solve various cyber-related problems. Since cyberbullying and cybervictimization are closely related, it is important to focus on this relationship and to make multilateral efforts to ensure that cyberbullying does not lead to other negative issues.



Authors: Patacsil, F. F.

Year: 2019

Title: Analysis of Cyberbullying Incidence among Filipina Victims: A Pattern Recognition using Association Rule Extraction

Journal: I.J. Intelligent Systems and Applications

URL: DOI: 10.5815/ijisa.2019.11.05

Abstract: Cyberbullying is an intentional action of harassment along the complex domain of social media utilizing information technology online. This research experimented unsupervised associative approach on text mining technique to automatically find cyberbullying words, patterns and extract association rules from a collection of tweets based on the domain / frequent words. Furthermore, this research identifies the relationship between cyberbullying keywords with other cyberbullying words, thus generating knowledge discovery of different cyberbullying word patterns from unstructured tweets. The study revealed that the type of dominant frequent cyberbullying words are intelligence, personality, and insulting words that describe the behavior, appearance of the female victims and sex related words that humiliate female victims. The results of the study suggest that we can utilize unsupervised associative approached in text mining to extract important information from unstructured text. Further, applying association rules can be helpful in recognizing the relationship and meaning between keywords with other words, therefore generating knowledge discovery of different datasets from unstructured text.



Authors: Rajamanickam, R., Ramli, F. S., Na’aim, M. S. M., Hassan, M. S., & Hashim, H.

Year: 2019

Title: Defining Bullying among Students from Criminal Law Perspective: Comparison between Malaysia and the Philippines

Journal: Universal Journal of Educational Research

URL: DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2019.070803

Abstract: School bullying is not new, but it has been a long and constant problem. Bullying issues are often reported in the mass media and have garnered attention not only in Malaysia but also abroad. Today, bullying can no longer considered as a trivial social problem that can be taken lightly. Failure to address this issue will have bad consequences for students in particular. Various ways have been introduced to tackle this issue and one of them is through the enforcement of law. This study will focus on the bullying within the legal framework in Malaysia, especially in the context of its definition. Studies showed that while in Malaysia, there are alarming statistics about bullying, but little attention has been paid to the absence of any specific law dealing with bullying in Malaysia. To date, no statutory definition of bullying has been provided. This paper thus provides an overview of Malaysia’s legal framework of bullying compared with the Philippines law on bullying. Despite a number of definitions of bullying provided by the scholars, the paper concludes that to date, there are no specific law on bullying and its statutory definition in Malaysia. Such absence may not fully safeguard the interests of bullying victims comprehensively. The findings would give more clarity to the theoretical framework of bullying in Malaysia thus showing the commitment of the government towards preventing the rampancy of this issue through legal enforcement



Authors: Fabito, B. S., & Yabut, E. R

Year: 2018

Title: Prevalence of Cyberbullying and Addiction in Mobile Gaming among Tertiary Students in one University in the Philippines: An Ethical Discussion in the lens of Consequentialism.

Journal: 10th International Conference on Humanoid, Nanotechnology, Information Technology, Communication and Control, Environment and Management

URL: DOI: 10.1109/HNICEM.2018.8666295

Abstract: Mobile gamification has been explored to understand the possibility of its application to promote engagement and motivation for learning among students. However, it cannot be disputed that the growing market for mobile games has drawn several ethical setbacks. Two of the setbacks arising from mobile gaming are addiction and cyberbullying. Mobile Game Addiction and Cyberbullying are ethical concerns that should be addressed respectively as it hampers regular individual activities particularly of students in an academic institution. In the Philippines, very few or no studies have been conducted to determine the prevalence of ethical concerns in mobile gaming specifically on Mobile Game Addiction and Cyberbullying. It is the role of the present study to determine the prevalence of Cyberbullying and Addiction in the context of Mobile Gaming among students of one University in the Philippines through the Quantitative Approach. Existing Surveys were used to determine the possible prevalence of Cyberbullying and Addiction. Additionally, a discussion on consequentialism about the ethical dilemma in mobile gaming is addressed through Qualitative approach. From the Game Addiction Test, the over-all mean suggested that thirty-six (36) out of the eighty-eight (88) respondents are at risk for Mobile Game addiction, whereas, six (6) can be classified as mobile game addicts. The test also revealed that the respondents play mobile games for Mood Modification (the need to shift from a bad mood to a good mood). For Cyberbullying, it is not conclusive that majority of the respondents have experience or have initiated cyberbullying in mobile games. Nevertheless, a few of the respondents have become a victim or have initiated cyberbullying. Ethical discussion on Consequentialism and recommendations are discussed in the latter part of the paper.



Authors: Ruiz, R. M. N. M.

Year: 2018

Title: Curbing Cyberbullying Among Students: A Comparative Analysis of Existing Laws Among Selected Asian Countries

Journal: PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences


Abstract: Last 2013, the Philippines approved the Anti-Bullying law, which covered cyberbullying. However, a 2015 study revealed that 80% of Filipino teenagers aged 13 to 16 are still experiencing cyberbullying (Takumi, 2016). This paper attempted to compare existing laws on cyberbullying among selected ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. It also aims to identify each country’s anti-cyberbullying measures that might fit other ASEAN countries’ needs. To achieve its purposes, it used a qualitative research with the following primary methods: discourse analysis of cyberbullying laws and alternative strategies addressing said concern; and literature review of online journals, online publications, and online news articles. The study revealed that the Philippines is the only ASEAN country with a cyberbullying law that addresses the students, while other countries have alternative strategies in addressing the issue. Further, it found that cyberbullying is experienced by individuals aged 6 to 30 through Facebook and Twitter. The study suggests that the government should require schools to develop specific and consistent policies that would address this concern; and a curriculum that promotes digital responsibility. Finally, parents are encouraged to educate their children on ethical values, particularly in the digital world.



Authors: Vargas, E., Niguidula, J. D., Hernandez, A. A., Marquez, P. S., & Caballero, J. M.

Year: 2018

Title: Senior High School Students Cyberbullying Experience: A Case of University in the Philippines

Journal: N/A


Abstract: Twitter is widely used to explore on the opinions of the public in variety of topics. It has constantly gained popularity as good source of information for visualization-centered application. This paper aims to understand the opinions of senior high school students’ on cyberbullying in a university in the Philippines. This study uses a tweet visualization tool to present the opinions of students. The results of the study indicate that most of the students feel pleasant on cyberbullying as the university administration officers continuously drives information awareness campaign that decreases fear and unpleasant emotion among the senior high school students. Therefore, cyberbullying among senior high school students remain an important concern for educators and students. This study suggests practical and research recommendations.



Authors: Baronia-Locson, E. L. C

Year: 2012

Title: Impact of Cyberbullying Among Selected High School Students In Philippines, 2011

Journal: AAP National Conference and Exhibition. American Academy of Pediatric


Abstract: With the advent of technology, cyberbullying is becoming more prevalent with the use of electronic devices such as computers and mobile phones. This study will assess the impact of cyberbullying and its different subtypes (phone call, text message, social network and e-mail bullying) among different year levels in a selected secondary school in the Philippines. Out of the 395 respondents, 334 experienced cyber bullying alone of which majority are females (64.07%). For all types of cyberbullying, first year level has the most number of victims and fourth year having the least. Overall, social networking has the most number of victims while phone call has the least. Phone calls are considered least harmful by 4th year and is more harmful for 1st year. All year levels consider social networking to be the most harmful for all subtypes of cyberbullying. Text message and email bullying are considered more harmful by 1st year and least harmful by 3rd year. Analyzing the impact of each subtype of cyberbullying per year level, social network and email bullying were statistically significant. Phone call and text message bullying were not statistically significant.



Authors: Goebert, D., Else, I., Matsu, C., Chung-Do, J., & Chang, J

Year: 2011

Title: The Impact of Cyberbullying on Substance Use and Mental Health in a Multiethnic Sample

Journal: Maternal & Child Health Journal

URL: DOI: 10.1007/s10995-010-0672-x

Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between cyberbullying and mental health problems among a multiethnic sample of high school students in Hawai`i. A University-Community partnership was established to direct the research. Using a mixed-methods approach, we explored violence among Asian and Pacific Islander youth. In the first phase, focus groups were conducted to identify areas of youth concern and develop survey questions. Responses from 677 high school students on interpersonal youth violence and risk and protective factors were utilized in this study. More than 1 in 2 youth (56.1%) had been victims of cyberbullying in the last year. Filipino and Samoan youth were more likely to report feeling badly about themselves as a result of cyberbullying. While cyberbullying and mental health problems varied by sex and ethnicity, we found that cyberbullying is widespread with serious potential consequences among Asian and Pacific Islander youth. A multifaceted approach is needed to reduce and prevent cyberbullying. School, family and community programs that strengthen positive relationships and promote safe use of technology provide promise for reducing cyberbullying.