Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Nigeria, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.
Authors: Ifon, J.C.
Title: Management of Cyberbullying: A Qualitative Exploratory Case Study of a Nigerian University
Journal: International Journal of Bullying Prevention
Abstract: Cyberbullying problem has become a global concern in universities. In Nigerian universities, the concern appears to be blamed on the lack of cyberbullying prevention and management strategies. The purpose of this qualitative exploratory case study was to explore the policy decision makers’ recommendations for the development of cyberbullying management strategies for the staff and students of a Nigerian university. The three theories used to guide the study were Glasser’s (1998) choice theory, Bandura’s (1986) theory of moral disengagement, and Bronfenbrenner’s (1977) social ecological theory. Data for the study were obtained from three sources: interviews, documents, and archival records of the university. Seven participants, all members of the Committee of Provosts, Deans, and Directors (COPD), were used for the study. The constant comparative method was used to analyze the data. Three major themes emerged as findings in the study: cyberbullying awareness, cyberbullying situation in the university, and the university cyberbullying management policy. These findings may help to make university policy makers aware of the significance of cyberbullying policy in Nigerian universities. The findings may also help to make the university management leadership consider the development of research-based cyberbullying awareness raising training programs and cyberbullying management policy for the staff and students.
Authors: Nonso, E. and Mujtaba, L.
Title: Effects of Student’s Use of Social Media on Academic Performance (A case study of Secondary School students in Onitsha)
Journal: Journal of Education, Society, & Multiculturalism
Abstract: The impact of social media use on academic achievement in science subjects among senior secondary school students in Anambra State, Nigeria, was studied using a descriptive survey design. The study’s goals are to determine the relationship between social media usage and academic performance in science subjects among Anambra State Senior Secondary School students, as well as to determine whether there is a difference in the relationship between social media usage and academic performance in science subjects between male and female Anambra State Senior Secondary School students. The study’s participants are all Senior Secondary School students in Onitsha, Anambra State. The population in its entirety is 1,450. According to the research advisers’ requirements, the study’s sample size is two hundred and sixty (260) senior secondary school students from Onitsha North and South. To test hypothesis one, the data was analyzed using Pearson product moment correlation (r). The use of PPMC was based on the assumption that it can be used to form relationships. Because hypothesis two had multiple independent variables, regression analysis was utilized to test them. There is no significant association between social media usage and Academic Performance in Science Subjects among Anambra State Senior Secondary School Students, although there is a significant difference between male and female Senior Secondary School Students in Anambra State. The following recommendations were made based on the study’s findings: teachers should encourage students to use social media positively for academic activities, teachers and school counselors should treat both male and female students with social media disorder equally, adequate ICT facilities should be provided to both local governments, and secondary school teachers should use the same motivational measures for using social media for academic purposes.
Authors: Olonode, A.
Title: Combating Cyberbullying in Nigeria: A Case for the Media and Information Literacy City.
Journal: Corporación Universitaria Minuto de Dios – UNIMINUTO
Abstract: The value neutrality of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) affords users the luxury of determining the gratification to be derived from technological devices usage, whether positive or adverse. The outbreak of menaces such as cyberbullying, which is an adverse externality of technology’s value neutrality, has necessitated the development of country-specific laws, established to address cyberbullying. While acknowledging the roles of these antibullying policies and other multidisciplinary control measures, either recommended or already in use, this study investigated the prevalence of cyberbullying in Nigeria and its control measures, through a review of studies that had been conducted in Nigeria. From the review, it was noted that most of the available studies were conducted in educational silos and focused on legal and psychological control models without recourse to the socio and techno-cultural context of cyberbullying as a derivative of information society. This article, within the context of information society, recommends media and information literacy education as a tool for addressing cyberbullying.
Authors: Xu, Y. and Trzaskawka, P.
Title: Towards Descriptive Adequacy of Cyberbullying: Interdisciplinary Studies on Features, Cases and Legislative Concerns of Cyberbullying
Journal: International Journal for the Semiotics of Law – Revue internationale de Sémiotique juridique
Abstract: In view of the complexity of cyberbullying, this paper aims to address the linguistic and legal aspects of cyberbullying from an interdisciplinary perspective. Based on authentic data collected from real cases, we will expound on features, defining properties and legal remedies of cyberbullying in the countries that contribute to this special issue, such as Nigeria, France, Poland and China. Firstly, we will present an overview of cyberbullying and its definition, along with cyberbullying’s attributes. Next, we will cover the various forms of cyberbullying, such as hate speech, harassment and trolling. Each of these forms of cyberbullying result in numerous outcomes, many of which are serious and, in the worst case, can result in a victim’s death. A discussion of such consequences and the legal remedies for cyberbullying will be provided. On a final note, the contributors seek to enrich the forthcoming studies on cyberbullying by offering suggestions towards descriptive adequacy of cyberbullying.
Authors: Adediran, A.O.
Title: Cyberbullying in Nigeria: Examining the Adequacy of Legal Responses
Journal: International Journal for the Semiotics of Law – Revue internationale de Sémiotique juridique
Abstract: Cyberbullying has been defined as the “process of using the internet, cell phones or other devices to send or post text or images intended to hurt or embarrass another person.” The word “cyberbullying” is often used interchangeably with “cyber stalking” and in fact the Cybercrimes (Prohibition, Prevention, etc.) Act 2015 of Nigeria, uses the word “cyber stalking” which it defines as any course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to feel fear. By the provisions of the Act, the transmission of any communication through the means of a computer to bully, threaten or harass another person where such communication places another person in fear of death, violence or bodily harm amounts to cyber stalking. Cyberbullying is becoming a common phenomenon in Nigeria as more people engage in it especially on social media platforms. This is carried out in various ways and a common trend is posting indecent imagery of persons online such as naked pictures or videos of persons in order to humiliate them. When posted by a person, the communication is shared by others thereby causing circulation on social media. This act amounts to cyber stalking where the intention consists of those elements stated under the Cybercrimes Act. In other situations where it is shared without the aim of humiliating the victim, such act can still be incriminated under some other laws in Nigeria such as the Criminal Code Act and the Penal Code Act which for instance both criminalise obscene publications. It is worthy of note there have been reported cases where victims of cyberbullying have committed suicide as a result of fear or shame. A major observation is that cyberbullying has gained normalcy and many internet users engaged in it do not seem to be aware of the criminal connotation of their actions. This paper examines the effectiveness of legal responses to cyberbullying in Nigeria. It discusses the forms of cyberbullying commonly perpetrated in Nigeria by citing some real life instances that have happened in the past. The paper notes that most forms of cyberbullying can be prosecuted under the Cybercrimes Act, however, there has not been any notable enforcement of the law in terms of prosecution of cyberbullying cases. It appears that the lack of prosecution of offenders has fostered the act of cyberbullying especially under the present circumstances where there is widespread ignorance among internet users. The paper also notes that the absence of image rights is a precursor in many respects to some forms of cyberbullying especially when photographs and videos of victims are involved. The paper advocates the implementation and enforcement of the Cybercrimes Act as well as other laws relating to cyberbullying in Nigeria. The paper also posits that the protection of image rights will go a long way to assist in curbing the act of cyberbullying in Nigeria.
Authors: Omoneye Olufunke Olasanmi, Yinusa Toyese Agbaje, Mercy Omoyemen Adeyemi
Title: Prevalence and Prevention Strategies of cyberbullying among Nigerian Students
Journal: open Journal of Applied Sciences
Abstract: Cyberbullying is a problem that has emerged as a byproduct of modern-day technologies. This form of aggression occurs when one or more individuals use a technological medium for the purpose of intimidating or harming others. In spite of the popularity of technological devices among Nigerian youths presently, there remains a critical gap in literature relating to cyberbullying and its possible effects on students in Nigeria. This study thus sought to identify if a relationship exists between traditional bullying and cyberbullying; examine the effect of cyberbullying on students’ psychological behavior; and examine ways in which cyberbullying might be prevented. The sample consists of students from tertiary institutions while the results were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The result of the findings showed that significant correlations were found between traditional bullies and cyberbullies (rranks = 0.322, p < 0.001), cyberbullies and cyberbullied victim (rranks = 0.401, p < 0.0001). There were also significant correlations found between bullies and bully victims (rranks = 0.326, p < 0.001) and between bullied victim and cyberbully victim (rranks = 0.160, p < 0.05). These findings suggest that traditional bullying and cyberbullying share a strong relationship with one another. Furthermore, it was also discovered that those who were victimized through traditional bullying or cyberbullying were also likely to bully others. The result showed that cyberbullied victims often exhibit a variety of negative outcomes especially anger, embarrassment, fear and anxiety. A Spearman Rank-Order correlation revealed a negative association between grade level and cyberbullies (rranks = 0.034, p = 0.355) as well as grade level and cyberbully victims (rranks = 0.107, p = 0.217). A significantly positive relationship occurred between frequency of computer use and cyberbullies (rranks = 0.206, p = 0.015), as well as between frequency of computer use and electronic victimization (rranks = 0.223, p = 0.012). The study concluded that parents, school and mental health providers must not only be aware of cyberbullying and its consequences, but must also have access to ways to deal with this growing concern through public awareness building, anger management training for youths and the establishment of mentorship programs for youths to help one other.
Author(s): Olumide, A. O., Adams, P., & Amodu, O. K.
Title: Prevalence and correlates of the perpetration of cyberbullying among in-school adolescents in Oyo State, Nigeria
Journal: International journal of adolescent medicine and health
Abstract: Cyberharassment/cyberbullying is a global problem that has been inadequately investigated in developing countries. In this paper, we present findings on the prevalence and predictors of perpetration of cyberbullying among in-school adolescents in Oyo state, Nigeria. A total of 653 students were selected via multi-stage sampling. Information on history of perpetrating harassment via an electronic medium in the 3-month period preceding the survey was obtained. Respondents’ mean age was 14.2±2.2 years and 51.3% were females. All respondents had personal mobile phones and about half had Internet access. About 40% accessed the Internet every day while about 48% accessed it at least once to several times a week and <5% accessed it about once every 2 weeks. One hundred and fifty-six (23.9%) had harassed someone electronically, 260 (39.8%) had been victimized, and 137 (21.0%) were both victims and perpetrators. Common modes of harassment were via phone calls 99 (63.5%), chat rooms 70 (44.9%), and text messages 60 (38.5%). Students who had been victims of cyberbullying (OR=21.76, 95% CI=12.64-37.47) and those with daily Internet access (OR=2.32, 95% CI=1.28-4.19) had significantly higher Oods of being perpetrators. About a quarter of students were perpetrators of cyberbullying, and the correlates of perpetration were history of cyber victimization and daily Internet access. Intervention programs must be instituted for victims as well as frequent users of the Internet to curb the problem in the study area.
Author(s): Okoiye, O. E., Anayochi, N. N., & Onah, A. T.
Title: Moderating Effect of Cyber Bullying on the Psychological Well-Being of In-School Adolescents in Benin Edo State Nigeria.
Journal: European Journal of Sustainable Development
Abstract: This study adopted a descriptive survey research design of ex-post factor type to determine the moderating effect of cyber bullying on the psychological well-being of in-school adolescents in Benin Edo State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 300 in-school adolescents from fifteen randomly selected secondary schools. Data were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression. The measures of association between the variables (self-esteem, self-concept, self-efficacy and cyber bullying) identified in the study revealed a significant relationship. The study produced an F-Ratio which implies the consequence of cyber bullying which has impact on in-school adolescent’s self-esteem, selfconcept and self-efficacy. Also, self-esteem correlates with cyber bullying of-in school adolescents. Likewise, self-concept correlates significantly with cyber bullying of in-school adolescents. Furthermore, self-efficacy correlates significantly with cyber bullying of in-school adolescents. Therefore, it is recommended that adolescents should be taught moral instructions in school as it would help them to be of good character and develop the ability to negotiate relationships positively in the society.