Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in India, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.
Authors: Wright, M.F., Wachs, S., Huang, Z., Kamble, S.V., Saudi, S., Bayraktar, F., Li, Z., Lei, L., Shu, C.
Title: Longitudinal Associations among Machiavellianism, Popularity Goals, and Adolescents’ Cyberbullying Involvement: The Role of Gender
Journal: The Journal of Genetic Psychology
Abstract: Drawing on the social-ecological perspective, this longitudinal study investigated the potential moderating effect of gender in the relationships among Machiavellianism, popularity goals, and cyberbullying involvement (i.e. victimization, perpetration) among adolescents from China, Cyprus, India, and the United States. There were 2,452 adolescents (Mage = 14.85; SD = .53; 13–16 years old; 49.1% girls) from China, Cyprus, India, and the United States included in this study. They completed surveys on Machiavellianism, popularity goals, and cyberbullying victimization and perpetration during the fall of 2014 (Time 1). One year later, during the fall of 2015, adolescents completed surveys on cyberbullying victimization and perpetration. Findings revealed that Machiavellianism and popularity goals were both associated positively with Time 2 cyberbullying victimization and perpetration for all adolescents. The associations between Machiavellianism and Time 2 cyberbullying perpetration and between popularity goals and Time 2 cyberbullying perpetration were stronger for Chinese and Indian boys than girls. Opposite patterns were found for popularity goals and Time 2 cyberbullying perpetration for adolescents from the United States. Gender did not moderate any of the associations for Cypriot adolescents or for Time 2 cyberbullying victimization. The social-ecological perspective provides a useful understanding of how various contexts influence bullying.
Authors: Maurya, C., Muhammad, T., Dhillon, P., and Maurya, P.
Title: The effects of cyberbullying victimization on depression and suicidal ideation among adolescents and young adults: a three year cohort study from India
Journal: BMC Psychiatry
Abstract: Cyberbullying victimisation is considered a global public health issue concerning the psychological development of adolescents that oftentimes persists into adulthood. The current study explored the longitudinal relationship between cyberbullying victimisation and depression and suicidal ideation among adolescents and young adults, given the scarcity of such studies in poor-resource settings like India. Data were drawn from the “Understanding the Lives of Adolescents and Young Adults” (UDAYA- 2015-16 and 2018–19) surveys conducted in two most-populated Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Bivariate and logistic regression analysis was conducted to fulfil the objectives of the study using a sample of 4428 and 11,864 adolescent (aged 10–19 years) male and female cohorts, respectively. The prevalence of cyberbullying victimization increased from 3.8% to 6.4% among female respondents and 1.9% to 5.6% among male respondents over three years. About 33% of females and 16.6% of males had depressive symptoms in their young adulthood. Nearly 7.5% females compared to 2.3% of males, reported that they have seriously considered attempting suicide in the past one year. Adolscents who experienced cyberbullying victimization were 2.07 times more likely to have depressive symptoms comapared to those who did not experience cyberbullying victimization. Similarly, adolescents who experienced cyberbullying victimization were 2.50 times more likely to have suicidal ideation than their counterparts with no experience of cyberbullying victimization. The findings suggest that cyberbullying victims are at higher risk of depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts and these adverse effects persist for longer period. Therefore, cyberbullying and related mental health problems need to be addressed with more efficient strategies such as increased awareness of nuances of online harassments among adolescent and young adult population.
Authors: Michelle F. Wright, Lawrence B. Schiamberg, Sebastian Wachs, Zheng Huang,
Shanmukh V. Kamble, Shruti Soudi, Fatih Bayraktar, Zheng Li, Li Lei & Chang Shu
Title: The Influence of Sex and Culture on the Longitudinal Associations of Peer Attachment, Social Preference Goals, and Adolescents’ Cyberbullying Involvement: An Ecological Perspective
Journal: School Mental Health
Abstract: Using an ecological perspective, this one-year longitudinal study examined the moderating effect of sex in the associations among peer-related contexts (i.e., peer attachment, social preference goals) and cyberbullying involvement among adolescents from China, Cyprus, India, and the United States, along with investigating cross-cultural differences in these associations. Participants were 2,452 seventh and eighth grade adolescents (age range 12–16 years old; 49.1% girls) from China, Cyprus, India, and the USA. Adolescents completed questionnaires on peer attachment, social preference goals, and cyberbullying involvement (i.e., perpetration, victimization) at Time 1. Cyberbullying involvement was administered at Time 2 (one year later). Peer attachment and social preference goals were negative predictors of Time 2 cyberbullying involvement. Peer attachment and Time 2 cyberbullying perpetration were moderated by sex for Chinese adolescents only, as well as social preference goals and Time 2 cyberbullying perpetration for Chinese and the US adolescents. Sex did not moderate the associations among peer attachment, social preference goals, and Time 2 cyberbullying victimization. The findings of this study have implications for interventions focused on improving adolescents’ interactions with their peers at school and urges the need to develop bullying prevention programs sensitive to culture and sex. The ecological framework contributes to a more complete understanding of how multiple contexts influence bullying dynamics and provides a clear basis for policy and intervention.
Authors: Sardessai-Nadkarni, A.A., Mclaughlin, B., and Sarge, M.A.
Title: Examining teachers’ intentions to intervene: Formative research for school-based cyberbullying interventions in India
Journal: Psychology in the Schools
Abstract: Despite the growing prevalence of cyberbullying in India, there is a lack of empirical research available to guide school-based interventions. Employing a survey of 402 teachers in Indian schools, the present study utilized the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a framework to examine the factors influential in encouraging teachers to intervene in school cyberbullying situations. The results reveal that attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control collectively explain 40.9% of the variance in intentions. Perceived responsibility accounts for additional variance explained. Conclusions inform the design of school-based interventions that aim to motivate teachers and provide them the resources necessary to mitigate the impact of cyberbullying in Indian schools.
Authors: Ghosh, R., Manju, G., and Nowal, S.
Title: Social Media Cyberbullying Detection using Machine Learning in Bengali Language
Journal: International Journal of Engineering Reserach & Technology
Abstract: Cyberbullying is the utilization of technology as a medium to menace somebody. Social networking sites give a prolific medium for menaces who utilize these sites to assault or harass helpless youthful grownups. Through Machine learning, we can distinguish language designs utilized by menaces and create rules to consequently recognize digital harassing content. Most of the works related to cyberbullying detection using machine learning have been proposed on languages such as English, Chinese and Arabic. Very few works have been done on regional Indian languages. In this paper, we have proposed a model that recognizes cyberbullying content in an uncommon or rather regional Indian language such as Bengali.
Authors: Maity, K. and Saha, S.
Title: BERT-Capsule Model for Cyberbullying Detection in Code-Mixed Indian Languages
Journal: International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems
Abstract: In this work, we have created a benchmark corpus for cyberbullying detection against children and women in Hindi-English code-mixed language. Both these languages are the medium of communication for a large majority of India, and mixing of languages is widespread in day-to-day communication. We have developed a model based on BERT, CNN along with GRU and capsule networks. Different conventional machine learning models (SVM, LR, NB, RF) and deep neural network based models (CNN, LSTM) are also evaluated on the developed dataset as baselines. Our model (BERT+CNN+GRU+Capsule) outperforms the baselines with overall accuracy, precision, recall and F1-measure values of 79.28%, 78.67%, 81.99% and 80.30%, respectively.
Authors: Javin, O., Gupta, M., Satam, S., and Panda, S.
Title: Has the COVID-19 pandemic affected the susceptibility to cyberbullying in India?
Journal: Computers in Human Behavior
Abstract: Owing to the COVID-19 induced lockdown in India, most people’s internet activity surged, leading to an expected increase in the rate of cybercrimes. This research focuses on analyzing whether the factors significant in cyberbullying susceptibility changed with the lockdown. The study was conducted by surveying 256 students before the pandemic, in October 2019, and 118 students during the lockdown, in June 2020. This included questions about the respondents’ demographics, online presence, experience with offline bullying, perception of other’s opinions, and the instances of cyberbullying that apply to them. The results showed factors important in both timespans, namely (i) experience with offline bullying; (ii) individuals’ perceptiveness to others’ opinions; (iii) frequency of social media posts. Additionally, in the period before lockdown, factors namely (i) tendency to interact with strangers online; (ii) whether they’ve started a relationship online (iii) hours spent on social media; were found significant. Conversely, during the lockdown, additional distinct factors namely (i) being opinionated on public platforms; (ii) preference of Instagram; (iii) preferred gaming platform; (iv) number of games played; (v) sexual orientation; (vi) age were significant. With the change in variables in the two timespans, we can conclude that the pandemic has affected our susceptibility to cyberbullying.
Authors: Michelle F. Wright, Zheng Huang, Sebastian Wachs, Ikuko Aoyama, Shanmukh Kamble, Shruti Soudi, Zheng Li, Li Lei & Chang Shu,
Title: Associations between cyberbullying perpetration and the dark triad of personality traits: the moderating effect of country of origin and gender
Journal: Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development
Abstract: This study’s aim was to investigate the associations among narcissism, Machiavellianism, callous and unemotional traits, and cyberbullying perpetration among 1,637 adolescents (M age = 13.53 years, 48% girls overall) from China, India, and Japan. Adolescents completed questionnaires on the dark triad of personality traits, and cyberbullying and face-to-face bullying perpetration. Narcissism and callous and unemotional traits were related to cyberbullying perpetration for Chinese and Indian adolescents, as was Machiavellianism for Indian adolescents. Gender did not moderate these associations. Our findings suggest the need to monitor the dark triad of personality traits and for prevention programmes against cyberbullying to consider the cultural context.
Authors: Sharma, D., Kishore, J., Sharma, N., Duggal, M.
Title: Aggression in schools: Cyberbullying and gender issues
Journal: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Abstract: Due to increasing internet and mobile penetration, children in India are at risk of cyberbullying. A survey of 174 middle graders in Delhi showed that, of total, 8% indulged in cyberbullying and 17% reported being victimized by such acts. However, prevalence of in-person bullying, fighting and victimization by either was 16%, 12% and 17% respectively. Males were more likely to bully and fight in-person than females. They were also more likely to be victims of both online and offline aggression. Interwoven modes of bullying along with safe use of technology need to be understood.
Authors: D’cruz, P., & Noronha, E
Title: The interface between technology and customer cyberbullying: Evidence from India
Journal: Information and Organization
Abstract: Drawing on a phenomenological inquiry of the subjective work experiences of Indian call agents employed in international-facing call centres, this paper highlights the interface between information and communication technologies and devices and employee experiences of customer cyberbullying. Providing holistic and contextualized insights into the genesis, course and outcome of customer cyberbullying, the paper shows that whereas the absence of visual cues does not impede employees’ accurate interpretation of their negative experiences, it exacerbates customers’ misbehaviour since the latter feel dissociated from and cannot see the impact of their actions on employees. While the technology-linked pace of work affects employee coping with customer cyberbullying, the maintenance of records and archives brings in concreteness and permanence through which retaliation is ruled out but reviewing the interaction for purposes of learning and even redressal is possible.
Author(s): Wright, M. F., Kamble, S. V., & Soudi, S. P.
Title: Indian adolescents’ cyber aggression involvement and cultural values: The moderation of peer attachment.
Journal: School Psychology International
Abstract: Although research on cyberbullying and cyber aggression is growing, little attention has been given to examinations of these behaviors among adolescents in Asian countries, particularly in India. The present study examined the relationships among cyber aggression involvement and cultural values (i.e. individualism, collectivism), along with peer attachment as a moderator in these associations, while controlling for gender and face-to-face aggression involvement. Participants were 480 adolescents (ages 13- to 15-years-old) from India. Findings revealed that individualism and collectivism were related positively to peer attachment. In addition, individualism was associated positively with cyber aggression perpetration and cyber victimization, whereas these relationships were negative for collectivism. Peer attachment was related negatively to cyber aggression involvement. At lower levels of peer attachment, the association between cyber aggression perpetration and individualism was stronger. In contrast, the relationships between cyber aggression involvement (i.e. perpetration, victimization) and collectivism were more negative at higher levels of peer attachment. These results are discussed in the context of cultural values and peer attachment, and recommendations are given for future research and for school personnel in India.
Authors: Lalita Minocha, Shreyas Minocha
Title: Prevention of Cyberstalking – Safety of teenagers over Internet as a medium – A study
Abstract: “Prevention is better than cure” not only for health measures, but also for being alert when it comes to safety, offline as well as online. As per the NCRB report (2014, chapter 18) the number of cases reported under cyber crime was 9622 as compared to 5693 in 2013. This indicates a significant 69.0% increase over the previous year. Further, Cyber crime is a category of crime, which seems to be affecting a wide spread of ages including teenagers, which is alarming. Children get exposed to Internet at a young age due to educational requirement, self interest or due to peer/social pressure. How aware are they of Do’s and Don’ts of cyberspace? Exploitation of children in cyberspace can create havoc on the victim’s mind, and can lead to disastrous consequences as in the case of Amanda Todd, a 15-year-old Canadian girl, whose suicide caused lots of shock waves in the minds of masses. A survey was conducted to assess cyber alertness of the audience. Survey results of a sample group where over 93% were teenagers are being published herewith. It was concluded that though the target audience indicated that their safety on the net being very important to them and over 97% of the segment had sufficient or more knowledge of technology, but a significant number of them were doing things in the cyber space, which are not advisable from the perspective of cyber safety.