Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Colombia, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.



Authors: Carlos Arturo Cassiani-Miranda, Adalberto Campo-Arias and Carmen Cecilia Caballero-Domínguez

Year: 2022

Title: Factors Associated with Cyberbullying Victimisation among Colombian High-School Adolescents

Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma


Abstract: The study’s purpose was to examine the prevalence and explore some factors associated with cyberbullying in high-school adolescents at Santa Marta, Colombia. A cross-sectional study was designed, which participated in students between 13 and 17 years. Participants completed the item for being a victim of cyberbullying of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey for high school students designed by the Center for Disease Control of the United States. A total of 1462 students answered the questionnaire (M = 14.4 years, SD = 0.8). 19.6% (n = 287) reported lifetime cyberbullying victimisation. Cyberbullying victimisation was associated with post-traumatic stress disorder risk (OR = 2.05, 95%CI 1.51–2.79), lifetime cigarette smoking (OR = 1.91, 95%CI 1.42–2.57), female gender (OR = 1.68, 95%CI 1.25–2.26), family dysfunction (OR = 1.68, 95%CI 1.18–2.41), and poor-fair health condition (OR = 1.45, 95%CI 1.08–1.95). Being a victim of cyberbullying is frequent among Colombian high-school adolescents. It is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder risk, cigarette smoking, female gender, family dysfunction, and poor-fair general health condition. Longitudinal investigations are needed to measure better the dynamics of cyberbullying and the nature of such associations.



Authors: Castellanos, A., Ortega-Ruiperez, B., and Aparisi, D.

Year: 2022

Title: Teachers’ Perspectives on Cyberbullying: A Cross-Cultural Study

Journal: International J. Environ. Res. Public Health


Abstract: The aim of this work is to analyze the perceptions of Colombian, Spanish, and Ecuadorian teachers regarding cyberbullying from a cross-cultural perspective. A descriptive and analytical method was used with a quantitative approach and 240 teachers answered an ad hoc questionnaire. Most teachers in the three countries say that they do not know how to deal with this type of bullying and have not received training in this respect, with the percentages in the three countries being very similar. Spanish teachers have the highest percentage of lack of concern about cyberbullying and Colombian teachers are the ones who admit to having had the most cases of cyberbullying. In terms of reaction, the majority acted, but among those who did not, Ecuadorian teachers did not due to lack of knowledge. Forced by the pandemic to teach their classes online, teachers are increasingly concerned about cyberbullying. For the three countries, it is considered necessary to take measures in terms of legislating specific protocols to deal with cyberbullying at school and that the training plans for the degrees that give access to this profession include the competencies that allow teachers to develop appropriate strategies to respond to cyberbullying.



Authors: Fernando Fajardo-Bullón, Irina Rasskin-Gutman, Jesús Redondo Pacheco , Benito León-del Barco, Beatriz Burguillo, and Elena Felipe-Castaño

Year: 2021

Title: Analysis of mental health in cyberbullying victims and perpetrators in Spanish and Colombian adolescents

Journal: Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología


Abstract: Due to the advance of information and communication technologies, children may be exposed to the phenomenon known as cyberbullying. The abundant literature and existing research confirm the interest that the consequences of cyberbullying can provoke in the mental health of adolescents. The aims of this work were: (1) To compare the figures of the difficulties in mental health and cyberbullying in adolescents from Spain and Colombia, (2) To analyse the relationship between mental health and being a high degree cyber-perpetrator or cyber-victim owing to mobile phones and Internet, in both countries. A cross-sectional study was employed, in which 1,080 students from Colombia (11 to 17 years old) and 430 students from Spain (12 to 17 years old) participated through the SDQ, CYBVYC and CYBAGRESS questionnaires. T student, correlations, and the Kruskal Wallis test were used. Difficulties in Emotional symptoms, Conduct problems, Hyperactivity, Peer problems, and the Total difficulties scores were higher in Colombia than in Spain. Colombian adolescents scored higher in cyber-victimization (CYBVYC-Internet) and cyber-perpetration (CYBAGRESS) than Spanish adolescents. However, cyber-victimisation (CYBVYC-Mobile) by way of mobile phone was higher in Spain. Moreover, those who had serious victim and serious perpetrator profiles (scores equal to or higher than the 95th percentile in the CYBAGRESS and CYBVYC scales) presented higher difficulties in Emotional symptoms, Conduct problems, Hyperactivity, and Peer problems than those who were not classified as pertaining to those profiles, in both countries. A positive and direct correlation between difficulties in mental health, cyber-victimisation, and cyber-perpetration exist, regardless of Internet or mobile phone use. Conclusions: Results show how cyberbullying has similar effects on the mental health of Spanish and Colombian teenagers. Finally, there exists a relationship between being a cyberbullying victim or perpetrator and obtaining a higher total score in mental health difficulties among adolescents in both countries.



Authors: Arrieta-López, M. and Carrasquilla-Díaz, L.

Year: 2021

Title: Bullying and Cyberbullying: A Legal and Public Policy Perspective in Colombia

Journal: Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities


Abstract: Children and adolescents have evolved in the cultural contexts of the digital age as a result of the technological revolution, which has led to new forms of bullying. This research consists of analyzing bullying and cyberbullying in Colombia from a legal perspective. The methodology used is the legal analysis of law and policy documents on school matters in Colombia. It is concluded that restorative justice should be used in cases of bullying and cyberbullying, taking into account that it enables spaces for reconciliation and restoration of the infringed damage. It also involves victims, perpetrators, and the educational community in its process. In terms of public policies, considering the severe damage caused by cyberbullying, it is advisable to consider the school programs´ implementation that informs potential victims about the precautions they should take to avoid the risks of virtual harassment.



Authors: Liliana Cuesta Medina, Cristina Hennig Manzuoli, Lady Adriana Duque, and Sayana Malfasi

Year: 2020

Title: Cyberbullying: tackling the silent enemy

Journal: International Journal of Inclusive Education


Abstract: Access to online information and communication and the use of social networks have all increased considerably among pre-adolescents over the last decade. These trends are directly related to the similarly growing phenomenon of cyberbullying: as pre-adolescents’ exposure to online social interaction increases, so does their potential involvement in harmful online interactions. Thus, there is a need to design and implement cyberbullying prevention programmes that prepare pre-adolescents for both the risks and opportunities of a technology-driven world. This qualitative study analyzed the effects of a cyberbullying prevention programme supported by the use of technologies for the safe use of social media in pre-adolescents. Data were collected from 151 participants (aged 9–11), at five schools in Bogotá, Colombia. Results indicate that pre-adolescents increased their understanding about cyberbullying as they came to appreciate how building confidence and self-efficacy could prepare them to better face cyberbullying threats. Thus, the study advocates for the early teaching of self-regulatory skills to help youngsters develop conflict resolution skills and ease their gradual empowerment to face cyberbullying. The study suggests specific considerations that will help communities to shape future prevention plans and policies, supporting the development of more inclusive school learning environments framed upon collaboration, equity, and social justice principles.



Authors: Yudes-Gómez, C., Baridon-Chauvie, D., & González-Cabrera, J. M

Year: 2018

Title: Cyberbullying and problematic Internet use in Colombia, Uruguay and Spain: Cross-cultural study

Journal: Media Education Research Journal


Abstract: The goal of this cross-cultural study was to analyze and compare the cyber victimization and cyber aggression scores, and the problematic Internet use between Spain, Colombia and Uruguay. Despite cultural similarities between the Spanish and the South American contexts, there are few empirical studies that have comparatively examined this issue. The study sample consisted of 2,653 subjects aged 10-18 years. Data was collected through the cyberbullying questionnaire and the Spanish version of the “Revised generalized and problematic Internet use scale”. Results showed a higher prevalence of minor cyberbullying behavior in Spain between 10-14 years. In the three countries compared, there was a higher prevalence of two types of bystanders: the defender of the victim and the outsider, although in Colombia there were more profiles of assistant to the bully. Regarding the problematic use of the Internet, there were not differences between the three countries. We provide evidence on the relationship between cybervictimization and cyberaggression and problematic use of the Internet. The dimensions of compulsive use and regulation of mood are the best predictors of cyberbullying. We discuss our results in relation to the possible normalization of violence and its lack of recognition as such.



Authors: Del Río Pérez, Jorge; Bringué, Xavier; Sádaba, Charo; González González, Diana.

Year: 2009

Title: Cyberbullying: un análisis comparativo en estudiantes de Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, México, Perú y Venezuela. En: Generació digital: oportunitats i riscos dels públics

Journal: La transformació dels usos comunicatius. V Congrés Internacional Comunicació i Realitat.


Abstract: This study explores the issue of cyberbullying from a cross-cultural perspective. The focus is on the examination of the extent of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, México, Peru, Venezuela tweens and adolescents’ experiences of cyberbullying. A survey study of 21.000 students from 10 to 18 years. In this paper, “cyberbullying” refers to bullying via electronic communication tools: mobile phone/video/picture/text message, Internet/gaming/instant messaging.