Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Belize, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.



Author(s): Linderholm, A

Year: 2019

Title: Teacher Awareness and Perceptions of Social Media Use and Cyberbullying in Belize

Journal: Teacher Education and Professional Development Commons


Abstract: Intro: Cyberbullying and other problems related to social media are growing concerns across the world with increased access to technology at home and in schools. Several studies have suggested that although instances of cyberbullying have increased in schools, teachers and other school staff members lack awareness of and training in identifying and preventing instances of it from occurring. The current study investigates school staff member awareness and perceptions of social media use and cyberbullying across two districts in Belize. Methods: A written 47-question survey regarding social media use and awareness and perceptions of cyberbullying was given to voluntary participants across primary and secondary schools in Belize. Results: A total of 39 participants responded with 15 males and 24 female respondents. Results indicated that teachers were “neutral” to whether cyberbullying was a problem in their school and majority of participants indicated they had never encountered an instance of cyberbullying. Almost all participants had never received training regarding handing cyberbullying, but many participants indicated they thought school districts should train staff in recognizing and treating instances of cyberbullying. Discussion: The results of the current study provide preliminary information regarding social media use and cyberbullying instances in Belizean schools. Teachers are lacking understanding, recognizing, and preventing cyberbullying instances in their schools and this should be addressed further in future research.



Author(s): Kasahara, G

Year: 2017

Title: Gender Differences in Social Media Use and Cyberbullying in Belize

Journal: Clinical Psychology Commons


Abstract: Intro: Cyberbullying is a global issue that usually occurs with increased social media usage. A number of studies have found significant gender differences in social media use and cyberbullying, although gender differences are not consistent across studies. Despite the increase in access to cellphones and Internet in Belize, no studies have investigated how adolescents are using these resources. The purpose of this study was to investigate gender differences involving how adolescents in Belize are using social media and if cyberbullying is a problem. Methods: A written 25 question survey was created based on previous cyberbullying and social media surveys. It consisted of ranking items, rating items on a 5-point scale, yes or no questions, and questions that asked students to check all that apply. Counselors from all six districts of Belize were asked to disseminate the surveys to all of the primary and secondary schools in their districts. Results: 303 participants responded with 68 males and 235 females. A chi-square test of independence found that females were significantly more likely to post very often to Snapchat, χ2 (4) = 13.78, p<.01, and Instagram, χ2 (4) = 14.95, p<.01. Females were also significantly more likely to prevent certain people from accessing their social media content, χ2 (1) = 5.67, p=0.02. Males were significantly more likely to use a gaming console for about six hours a day, χ2 (6) = 14.79, p<.05. 15% of the students had been a victim of cyberbullying and there was not a significant difference between genders, χ2 (1) = 2.28, p=0.10. However, females were significantly more likely to report cyberbullying to an adult, χ2 (3) = 8.84, p=0.03. Discussion: These results provide preliminary information about social media use and cyberbullying in Belize. It indicates that gender differences exist within social media use and cyberbully reporting, and future studies should investigate influencing cultural factors.



Author(s): Gillespie, K

Year: 2016

Title: Cyberbullying from the perspectives of parents with adolescent girls

Journal: N/A


Abstract: Cyberbullying has become a significant problem for adolescents as cyberbullying has the capability of occurring in all environments. This study addresses the parents’ story and perspective of their adolescent girls’ experiences with cyberbullying. Bronfenbrenner (1979) developed a theoretical perspective for investigation in human development called The Ecology of Human Development which was used as a framework for this study. This concept relates to the developing person, the surrounding environments and how these two interact. It was evident through research that a program or an approach is needed that is successful at combating cyberbullying and includes many different levels such as the school, individual and community. People from all angles including parents, students, teachers, principals, school boards, local governments, police, and psychologists, are not all supporting each other and helping with the situation. There is a need for a whole-system approach where every person is helping and sees cyberbullying as a crucial, impactful event.