Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Albania, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.
Authors: Petrela, E. Z., and Shehu, A.
Title: Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights of Adolescents in Albania
Journal: Together for Life
Foreword: Prof. Susan Sawyer describes adolescence as a stage of life that stretches between childhood and adulthood, and its definition has long created a conundrum. Adolescence includes elements of biological growth and transitions of key social roles, both of which have changed over the last century. Early puberty has accelerated the onset of adolescence in almost all populations, while understanding of continued growth has increased its final age up to the 20s. In parallel, delayed role transition times, including completion of education, marriage, and parenting, continue to change popular perceptions of when adulthood begins. Perhaps, the period of transition from childhood to adulthood now occupies a larger part of life than ever before, as unprecedented social forces, including marketing and digital media, are impacting health and well-being in these years. A broader and more comprehensive definition of adolescence is essential for defining appropriate development laws, social policies, and service systems. Instead of being between the ages of 10 and 19, a definition of 10-24 corresponds more closely to adolescent growth and popular understanding of this stage of life and would facilitate a wider investment in a wider range of contexts.
In Albania, access and use by the population of modern family planning methods is still low and abortion is still used as a method of family planning. The incidence of Sexually Transmitted Infections is increasing especially at young ages. The incidence of breast and cervical cancer is also increasing. While mortality from infectious diseases has decreased significantly in Albania, the risk of sexually transmitted infections has been steadily increasing . Adolescents’ rights to educational skills for lifestyle and reproductive health services are not fully provided. The consequences of domestic violence and gender inequalities affect the health of women and children.
The report “Adolescents and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights in Albania” has conducted an analysis of reports, studies, existing documents related to sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in Albania being divided in two main parts: current situation and factors that affect the situation. A further section summarizes the Albanian legal framework related to children’s rights, also mentioning national strategies and plans for improving the health and quality of life of children. The purpose of this report is to provide updated data and recommendations to improve the approach of public institutions and civil society to adolescent sexual and reproductive health activities in Albania, as well as to raise community awareness and public debate on sexual and reproductive health. as a human right, essential to human development.
Authors: Tagaymuratovna, P.D.
Title: Cyberbullying as a Socio-Psychological Problem and Legal Ways to Solve It Abroad
Journal: EPRA International Journal of Research and Development (IJRD)
Abstract: This article comprehensively studies the system and problems of applying legal regulation measures in developed foreign countries, one of the obvious threats to information and psychological security – the phenomenon of cyberbullying. Furthermore, it highlights the study of the state of modern legislation, measures, and problems of legal impact in developed countries in relation to cyberbullying. In particular, the legislative norms and the process of their application in the United States, Canada, Australia, and some countries in Europe were analyzed; based on the results of the analysis, including foreign experience, proposals and comments were made taking into account national interests in our country.
Title: Cyber Molestation and It’s Effects on Albanian Children
Journal: Science and Society – Methods and Problems of Practical Application
Abstract: Child online abuse in Albania is a hideous crime. For the vast majority of us, the idea of violating, hurting and abusing a child is intolerable. Nonetheless, these crimes are not as rare as we would like to think. Online child sexual abuse is a phenomenon which is the direct result of the dramatic changes brought about by information and communication technology. Combatting this very grave and serious offence needs a comprehensive approach. The criminalisation of various conducts labelled as child sexual abuse is only one, though clearly indispensable, answer to this problem. Online child sexual abuse needs a multi-disciplinary approach, which ensures the concerted efforts of an array of policies to effectively tackle this disturbing phenomenon. Prevention, awareness raising, training and education are all quintessential in the fight against online child sexual abuse.
Author(s): Longobardi, C., Prino, L. E., Fabris, M. A., & Settanni, M.
Title: School violence in two Mediterranean countries: Italy and Albania
Journal: Children and Youth Services Review
Abstract: School victimization includes every form of violent offense, including physical or psychological brutality, abandonment or exploitation, and sexual abuse experienced by students. Being tied to a specific cultural context, school victimization can present differences in terms of frequency and risk factors in various countries. The aim of this study is to describe this phenomenon, its incidence and prevalence, and the risk factors associated with it (i.e., gender and age) in Italy and Albania; two European nations geographically close but with significant differences in historical, cultural, and legislative traditions. A total of 596 participants – schoolchildren from grades 6–13, of whom 261 were Italian and 335 were Albanian – anonymously filled out the ICAST-CI questionnaire. The results show that school victimization affects both countries. Both in Italy and Albania, physical, and psychological abuse are the most common forms of victimization, while sexual abuse is the least frequent. Furthermore, in terms of demographics, the victims’ peers are the most-frequent perpetrators in every category of victimization. However, Albania presents significantly higher levels of physical victimization than Italy and a higher percentage of adult offenders. Gender and age are significant risk factors of school victimization, albeit with some differences concerning the types of abuse in both nations.
Author(s): Palladino, B. E., Nocentini, A., & Menesini, E
Title: Evidence based intervention against bullying and cyberbullying: Evaluation of the NoTrap! program in two independent trials
Journal: Aggressive Behavior
Abstract: The NoTrap! program is a school-based intervention, which utilizes a peer-led approach to prevent and combat both traditional bullying and cyberbullying. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of the third Edition of the program in accordance with the recent criteria for evidence-based interventions. Towards this aim, two quasi-experimental trials involving adolescents (age M = 14.91, SD = .98) attending their first year at different high schools were conducted. In Trial 1 (control group, n = 171; experimental group, n = 451), latent growth curve models for data from pre-, middle- and post-tests showed that intervention significantly predicted change over time in all the target variables (victimization, bullying, cybervictimization, and cyberbullying). Specifically, target variables were stable for the control group but decreased significantly over time for the experimental group. Long-term effects at the follow up 6 months later were also found. In Trial 2 (control group, n = 227; experimental group, n = 234), the moderating effect of gender was examined and there was a reported decrease in bullying and cyberbullying over time (pre- and post-test) in the experimental group but not the control group, and this decrease was similar for boys and girls.
Author(s): Shehu, M., Orhani, Z.
Title: The Cooperation of Educational Partners in the Management of the “Cyberbullying” at Nonmetropolitan Albanian Adolescents
Journal: Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies
Abstract: Educational partners, more important are teachers and parents are considered as one of the main elements in the management of Cyberbullying in the school environment and not only for their child’s safety. The aim of the study is to evidence the cooperative elements among parents, teachers and students during misuse of the Internet and its functions and violence caused by the technology. The sample of the study includes 200 pupils aged 15-19, 55 Male and 145 Female from High School’s Elbasan. Instrument used was “Student Needs Assessment Survey” APPENDIX E by N. E. Willard (2007). The questionnaire was modified and adapted by the authors and contains 20 items. The statistical data processing was performed by SPPS statistical program, version 20. Cronbach’s Alpha 0.751 were used to assess the reliability of the instrument. Relying situated in the role of one who puts pressure on the Internet to others, and the role of the person on whom are pressured by the results obtained we note that students are not included in any of above mentioned role. For the psycho-pedagogical point of view we can say that viewed a positive relationship and not only communication between adolescents and their parents, but also among school staff. Students claim that their peers do not feel pressured by others and also students affirm that they are not aware of any material posted on the Internet that denigrates the image of a school staff member.
Author(s): Bushati, J., Lezha, E., Dibra, G., Tana, A.
Title: The Phenomenon of Cyber Bullying in Albanian Context: An Explorative Study of Students’ Perceptions
Journal: The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational & Social Sciences (EPESS)
Abstract: Exponential growth of technology usage has further expanded the concept of an information age. In the prolonged transition of Albania society the perception of the virtual freedom has changed radically. During the last years the Albanian government implemented the extension of Internet connectivity in the rural and urban schools. On the other hand, private cell mobiles companies extended the internet connectivity offering it with affordable fees for the mass population. These initiatives changed the usage of virtual freedom making its usage massive for everyone. Despite the variety of age frequencies everybody can have access to virtual communication by simple gadgets to sophisticated ones. This freedom of communication has affected many social aspects which one of them is cyber bullying. Cyber bullying is defined as using electronic communication to torment others through devices such as Internet, e-mail, text messages or even social networking sites. Most people do not recognize the symptoms of being stalking online and the techniques a cyber stalker employs to target them. The purpose of this exploratory study is to give a brief overview of current knowledge in the literature about cyber bullying. Also, this paper will look at the perceptions of Albanian college students regarding issues related to cyber-bullying phenomenon based on descriptive data gathered out from a comprehensive questionnaire. Alternative tactics for preventing this phenomenon in the field of education were discussed in this study.