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Connecting Adolescent Suicide to the Severity of Bullying and Cyberbullying

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin While previous studies have identified that school bullying and cyberbullying victimization among adolescents is associated with suicidal thoughts and attempts, no work has measured the severity of bullying incidents and their impact on the youth at school within that context. As such, a survey was distributed to a…

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Sextortion Among Adolescents: Results From a National Survey of U.S. Youth

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja Sextortion is the threatened dissemination of explicit, intimate, or embarrassing images of a sexual nature without consent, usually for the purpose of procuring additional images, sexual acts, money, or something else. Despite increased public interest in this behavior, it has yet to be empirically examined among adolescents. The…

bullying definition

What is Bullying?

Most generally, the term bullying is equated to the concept of harassment, which is a form of unprovoked aggression often directed repeatedly toward another individual or group of individuals.[1] However, bullying tends to become more insidious as it continues over time and may be better equated to violence rather than harassment. Accordingly, Erling Roland states…

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Cyberbullying Fact Sheet: Identification, Prevention, and Response

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin This cyberbullying guide is a nine-page summary – filled with as much useful information as possible – to equip educators, parents, and other youth-serving adults to spot cyberbullying, respond to it appropriately and meaningfully, and to prevent its future occurrence among those they care for. If you only…

Cultivating Youth Resilience to Prevent Bullying and Cyberbullying Victimization

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin In an effort to better prevent and respond to bullying and cyberbullying, schools are recognizing a need to focus on positive youth development. One often-neglected developmental construct in this rubric is resilience, which can help students successfully respond to the variety of challenges they face. Enhancing this internal…

Digital Self-Harm - Journal of Adolescent Health

Digital Self-Harm Among Adolescents

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja Purpose: Despite increased media and scholarly attention to digital forms of aggression directed toward adolescents by their peers (e.g., cyberbullying), very little research has explored digital aggression directed toward oneself. “Digital self-harm” is the anonymous online posting, sending, or otherwise sharing of hurtful content about oneself. The current…

Deterring Teen Bullying: Assessing the Impact of Perceived Punishment From Police, Schools, and Parents

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja While decades of criminological research have returned mixed results when it comes to deterrence theory, deterrence-informed policies continue to proliferate unabated. Specific to bullying among adolescents, many U.S. states have recently passed new laws – or updated old ones – increasing potential punishment for youth who abuse others.…

Cyberbullying legislation and case law: Implications for school policy and practice

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin This Fact Sheet provides a summary of important court cases and pending legislation that can help school districts evaluate and improve their current cyberbullying policies. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J.W. (2015). Cyberbullying legislation and case law: Implications for school policy and practice. Cyberbullying Research Center. Retrieved [insert date], from…

Bullying Beyond the Schoolyard: Preventing and Responding to Cyberbullying (2nd edition) Cyberbullying Research Center

Bullying Beyond the Schoolyard: Preventing and Responding to Cyberbullying (2nd edition)

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin The #1 cyberbullying prevention book just got better! Cyberbullying occurs when three components intersect: teens, technology, and trouble. This perfect storm of elements manifests as harassment, humiliation, and hate that can follow a child everywhere. Drawing on the authors’ own extensive research, this groundbreaking eye-opening resource incorporates the…

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State Cyberbullying Laws: A Brief Review of State Cyberbullying Laws and Policies

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin This Research Summary summarizes the current state of cyberbullying bills and laws across the United States. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J. (2015). State Cyberbullying Laws: A Brief Review of State Cyberbullying Laws and Policies. Cyberbullying Research Center. Retrieved [insert date], from https://cyberbullying.org/Bullying-and-Cyberbullying-Laws.pdf Download PDF

Connecting with Students Online: Issues to Consider When Educators “Friend” Students Cyberbullying Research Center

Connecting with Students Online: Issues to Consider When Educators “Friend” Students

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin This fact sheet provides information for educators and students to keep in mind when connecting via social media. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J. (2013). Connecting with Students Online: Issues to Consider When Educators “Friend” Students. Cyberbullying Research Center. Download PDF

Changes in Adolescent Online Social Networking Behaviors from 2006 to 2009 Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Cyberbullying Myths and Realities

By Russell A. Sabella, Justin W. Patchin, and Sameer Hinduja Bullying has long been a concern of youth advocates (e.g., educators, counselors, researchers, policy makers). Recently, cyberbullying (bullying perpetrated through online technology) has dominated the headlines as a major current-day adolescent challenge. This article reviews available empirical research to examine the accuracy of commonly-perpetuated claims…

Digital Self-Harm - Journal of Adolescent Health

Cyberbullying Among Adolescents: Implications for Empirical Research

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja Research into the causes and consequences of cyberbullying among adolescents has exploded in the past 5 years [1]. However, much of the literature is largely descriptive in nature and/or suffers from methodological limitations associated with accessing and studying young people who are engaged in constantly changing high-tech behaviors.…

Social Influences on Cyberbullying Behaviors among Middle and High School Students Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Social Influences on Cyberbullying Behaviors among Middle and High School Students

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin Cyberbullying is a problem affecting a meaningful proportion of youth as they embrace online communication and interaction. Research has identified a number of real-world negative ramifications for both the targets and those who bully. During adolescence, many behavioral choices are influenced and conditioned by the role of major…

School-Based Efforts to Prevent Cyberbullying Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

School-Based Efforts to Prevent Cyberbullying

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja While bullying historically has occurred within or in close proximity to the school, advances in communication technologies have allowed would-be bullies to extend their reach. Cyberbullying – as it is termed – has become a significant concern among adolescents and adults alike. As a result, parents, school professionals,…

Cyberbullying: Neither an Epidemic Nor a Rarity

By Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin Growing public awareness of electronic bullying and harassment among adolescents suggests the need to empirically investigate this increasingly common and problematic behavior. Although studies of cyberbullying and online harassment among young people are nascent, preliminary findings suggest that victimization can undermine the freedom of youth to use and…

Cyberbullying Prevention and Response: Expert Perspectives Cyberbullying Research Center image 1

Cyberbullying Prevention and Response: Expert Perspectives

By Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja Just as the previous generation was raised in front of televisions, adolescents at the turn of the 21st century are being raised in an internet-enabled world where blogs, social networking, and instant messaging are competing with face-to-face and telephone communication as the dominant means through which personal interaction…