Here is the research we’ve found on cyberbullying in Finland, with the most recent first. Please email us if you have any articles to add with the details ordered in the same format as the others.


Author(s): Elledge, L. C., Williford, A., Boulton, A. J., DePaolis, K. J., Little, T. D., & Salmivalli, C.

Year: 2013

Title: Individual and contextual predictors of cyberbullying: The influence of children’s provictim attitudes and teachers’ ability to intervene

Journal: Journal of youth and adolescence

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23371005

Abstract: Electronic social communication has provided a new context for children to bully and harass their peers and it is clear that cyberbullying is a growing public health concern in the US and abroad. The present study examined individual and contextual predictors of cyberbullying in a sample of 16, 634 students in grades 3–5 and 7–8. Data were obtained from a large cluster-randomized trial of the KiVa antibullying program that occurred in Finland between 2007 and 2009. Students completed measures at pre-intervention assessing provictim attitudes (defined as children’s beliefs that bullying is unacceptable, victims are acceptable, and defending victims is valued), perceptions of teachers’ ability to intervene in bullying, and cyberbullying behavior. Students with higher scores on provictim attitudes reported lower frequencies of cyberbullying. This relationship was true for individual provictim attitudes as well as the collective attitudes of students within classrooms. Teachers’ ability to intervene assessed at the classroom level was a unique, positive predictor of cyberbullying. Classrooms in which students collectively considered their teacher as capable of intervening to stop bullying had higher mean levels of cyberbullying frequency. Our findings suggest that cyberbullying and other indirect or covert forms of bullying may be more prevalent in classrooms where students collectively perceive their teacher’s ability to intervene in bullying as high. We found no evidence that individual or contextual effects were conditional on age or gender. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

Citation: Elledge, L. C., Williford, A., Boulton, A. J., DePaolis, K. J., Little, T. D., & Salmivalli, C. (2013). Individual and contextual predictors of cyberbullying: The influence of children’s provictim attitudes and teachers’ ability to intervene. Journal of youth and adolescence, 42(5), 698-710.


Author(s): Lindfors, P. L., Kaltiala-Heino, R., & Rimpelä, A. H.

Year: 2012

Title: Cyberbullying among Finnish adolescents–a population-based study.

Journal: BMC public health

URL: http://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-12-1027

Abstract: Background: Cyberbullying, threatening or harassing another via the internet or mobile phones, does not cause physically harm and thus the consequences are less visible. Little research has been performed on the occurrence of cyberbullying among adolescents or the perception of its seriousness. Only a few population-based studies have been published, none of which included research on the witnessing of cyberbullying. Here, we examined exposure to cyberbullying during the last year, and its frequency and perceived seriousness among 12 to 18-year-old adolescents in Finland. We studied four dimensions of cyberbullying: being a victim, bully, or both victim and bully of cyberbullying, and witnessing the cyberbullying of friends.

Citation: Lindfors, P. L., Kaltiala-Heino, R., & Rimpelä, A. H. (2012). Cyberbullying among Finnish adolescents–a population-based study. BMC public health, 12(1), 1027.


Author(s): Sourander, A., Klomek, A. B., Ikonen, M., Lindroos, J., Luntamo, T., Koskelainen, M., … & Helenius, H.

Year: 2010

Title: Psychosocial risk factors associated with cyberbullying among adolescents: A population-based study.

Journal: Archives of general psychiatry

URL: http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=210833

Abstract: Objective: To study cross-sectional associations between cyberbullying and psychiatric and psychosomatic problems among adolescents.

Citation: Sourander, A., Klomek, A. B., Ikonen, M., Lindroos, J., Luntamo, T., Koskelainen, M., … & Helenius, H. (2010). Psychosocial risk factors associated with cyberbullying among adolescents: A population-based study. Archives of general psychiatry, 67(7), 720-728.